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Dietary Supplements Fall 2012

Nih.gov/news/camstats/2007/graphics.htm accessed nov

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Unformatted text preview: nih.gov/news/camstats/2007/graphics.htm Accessed Nov. 15, 2012 http://nccam.nih.gov/news/camstats/2007/graphics.htm Accessed Nov. 15, 2012 Plant: ◦ Extracted from the leaves, flowers and roots E. purpurea E. angustifolia E. pallida Proposed uses: ◦ Improve immune function Prevent and treat the common cold and other upper respiratory infections Dose: ◦ Take at the first sign of a cold Echinacea http://littlegreenblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/echinacea.jpg Efficacy: ◦ Treatment: may modestly decrease the severity and duration compared to placebo ◦ Prevention: data is inconsistent over placebo Not recommended for chronic use Safety profile: ◦ Allergic reactions, mild GI upset ◦ Avoid in patients with asthma, atopy, and allergic rhinitis ◦ Avoid in patients with autoimmune disorders Echinacea Plant: extracted from the root ◦ American: Panax quinquefolius ◦ Asian (mainly Korea and China): Panax ginseng Proposed uses: ◦ Reduce mental and physical stress ◦ Improve energy ◦ Improve immune function Dose: ◦ 200mg PO BID ◦ Limit use to < 3 months Ginseng http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/images/veg/N.Mesic_incl._tension_zone/Ginseng_fruit_VK.jpg Efficacy: ◦ Cognitive function: data is inconsistent, small studies Minimal to no benefit over placebo ◦ Immune function: American ginseng may be of benefit (Cold-fx&#210; only) Safety profile: ◦ GI: appetite, upset (high doses) ◦ CNS: insomnia, headache, CNS stimulation/mania (high doses) ◦ Allergic skin reactions, pruritis ◦ Use caution in patients with CVD, schizophrenia, and endometrial/ovarian cancer ◦ Avoid in patients taking anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy &#224; effects are unpredictable Ginseng Plant: Ginkgo biloba ◦ Extract or tincture from tree leaves Proposed uses: ◦ Alzheimer’s disease ◦ Vascular dementia ◦ Intermittent claudication Dose: ◦ 120-240mg daily in divided doses Ginkgo Biloba http://www.bio.davidson.edu/people/vecase/SeniorColloquium/04/Mental%20W Efficacy: ◦ Data is inconsistent for memory disorders May have benefit in mild AD, but further studies are needed ◦ Intermittent claudication: May have modest benefit over placebo Safety profile: ◦ GI (mild): upset, N/V ◦ CNS: headache, dizziness ◦ Allergic skin reactions ◦ May increase risk of bleeding in patients taking anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy Ginkgo Biloba Plant: Allium sativum ◦ Dried or fresh bulbs Proposed uses: ◦ Cardiovascular disease Hyperlipidemia Hypertension Prevention of coronary artery disease ◦ Prevention of cancer Dose: ◦ 3-5mg of allicin per day ◦ Tablets/capsules of powdered, dehydrated garlic Garlic http://www.cambridgebuzz.com/cb_images/GarlicHarvest.jpg...
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  • Fall '12
  • lipsh
  • safety profile, health care providers., Providers. Consumer Survey, Consumer Survey Report, Care Providers. Consumer

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