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24. Social repercussions of opiumRapid drain of silver to investment centers around the world, social crisis in China such as lazy addicts, selling daughters for money, ½ of wages wen to feed addiction, proliferation of opium dens, propagated organized crime, problems within Qing state-addicts. Demand was so high that opium from India wasn’t enough and they had to start buying from Turkey and Southeast Asia. This started the production of domestic cultivation.25. Commissioner Lin Zexu in CantonHe’s a known bad-ass who was sent to rid of opium trade. He was bold, incorruptible and effective. His actions precipitated the Opium Wars. He gave ultimatum to all opium merchants in chia with 2 choices: 1) leave Canton with all your opium and never return to China with it. 2) If you want to stay then surrender your opium so it can be destroyed.26. Confiscation of British opiumWhen the Chinese attempted to control trade, they confiscated an immense supply of opium. British tried to argue with Chinese officials that the opium was private property of certain people and they were denying direct ownership in the opium trade. Local agents of the EIC were the main players of the opium trade and they did not acquiesce because the financial trade was much higher. Instead, they tried to bargain with commissioner Lin. Lin established a blockade around them and their warehouses. Also took away their servants and cooks. He basically forced their hand to give up the opium. They were in house arrest for 47 days. Lin got 20,000 chests of opium and immediately dumped them in water salt and lime and then into the ocean.27. Letter to Queen VictoriaIt is written by Lin Zexu, explaining why China had to ban opium, would punish British smugglers same as Chinese smugglers. Letter incepted by British foreign ministry, never actually delivered to the queen. 28. Charles Elliot: British negotiator
MMW14 Final Review GuideHe said, go ahead and take the chests because you will be compensated for every penny of opium lost. He promised that the government would bail them out. There were many previous bailouts for opium like investors speculating too high and end up with huge losses mainly because opium was too lucrative of a trade to fail.29. Treaty of Nanjing 1842It is the first of many unequal treaties against the Chinese: extraterritoriality rights granted to British citizens, any British citizen that was caught committing a crime would only be tried in Britain or a British consulate, Chinese would have no jurisdiction over them. Hong Kong ceded to Britain, five new ports opened to British traders, 21 million dollars debt to Britain for all the opium destroyed, the debts the cohongs owed to Britain, and had to pay for every bullet, cannon ball, and the food for the soldiers. Also granted Britain most favored nation status.