Democratic National Convention saw him selected as the presidential candidate

Democratic national convention saw him selected as

This preview shows page 49 - 52 out of 62 pages.

Democratic National Convention saw him selected as the presidential candidate where he faced Rutherford B. Hayes , of the Republican Party. He campaigned on the premise of reforms in the
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civil service and support for the gold standards as well as the opposition of high taxation. However, his supporters were focused on putting an end to the Reconstruction that was going on in the South (Bigelow). The general belief among observers in the election was that Tilden won, but there were disputes in four states, leaving both contestants without a majority win. Congress appointed a bipartisan Electoral Commission where Hayes enjoyed an advantage of one extra seat. The Commission declared Hayes the winner leading to a dispute. The 1877 compromise saw leaders of the Democratic Party accept the verdict. Tilden contended in the presidential elections of 1880 and 1884 but failed to run in the general elections. His health issues forced him to retire from the political arena after playing a significant role in the Democratic Party politics (Bigelow). Black Codes Black Codes are the laws that originated from the southern states. They were passed by southern between the years 1865 and 1866. The laws were enforced mainly to restrict the freedom of the freed blacks in the southern region. In the northern region, however, the black codes were taken to be a means to manipulate the 13 th amendment. This was to allow slavery to exist but labeled differently technically. One important distinguishing feature of Black Codes was seen in its laws that were vagrant. These laws allowed for the newly freed Black population in the region to be arrested and even sentenced to hard labor. The laws, however, varied in both content and severity from one state to another (Fleischman). Since Slavery had served as the main pillar of economic stability, the Black codes had to be enforced to ensure the same stability through the creation of the state economic structure to operate under the façade of a free-labor system. Important, these contracts within the codes
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helped the freed black Americans by preventing them from working for multiple employers. Any attempted to evade the contracts within the codes would attract heavy fines, beating, or an arrest for vagrancy (Fleischman). 13 th Amendment This is first among the three most important reconstruction amendments in the Constitution during the reconstruction period. The amendment had been passed in the Congress by the Senate on 8 th April 1864 and officially ratified by the required number of states on 6 th December 1865. William H. Seward, a state secretary by then, officially proclaimed its adoption on 18 th December, the same year. The American Revolution in the reconstruction period experienced a division of states into two categories: the states that allowed human slavery and states that prohibited human slavery. By then, the Emancipation Proclamation had declared freedom from human slavery, but the mere fact was that the status of these slaves after the war was uncertain. This necessitated the passing of the 13 th
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