For simplicity assume that no two horizontal segments

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horizontal or vertical. For simplicity, assume that no two horizontal segments overlap, and no two vertical segments overlap. In lecture, we discuss an algorithm that computes and outputs all of the intersection points between segments in our set. The running time of this algorithm is output-sensitive — it runs in O ( n log n + P ) time, where P is the number of points output by the algorithm. In the worst case, its running time could be quadratic. Give an algorithm that counts the total number of intersection points in only O ( n log n ) time.
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2 Handout 20: Problem Set 7 Problem 7-3. Painting Rectangles When not solving algorithms problems, TA Mihai B˘adoiu enjoys painting pictures of over- lapping rectangles. For his latest project, he has chosen a set of n rectangles in the plane, each of which is specified by three numbers, given to you in arrays x 1 [1 . . . n ], x 2 [1 . . . n ], and y [1 . . . n ]. The corners of the i ’th rectangle will be ( x 1 [ i ] , 0), ( x 1 [ i ] , y [ i ]), ( x 2 [ i ] , y [ i ]), and ( x 2 [ i ] , 0). The rectangles may overlap each-other. Mihai is curious how much paint he will need to buy to color in all of the rectangles. Help him out by devising an algorithm that computes, in O ( n log n ) time, the area of the union of all n rectangles.
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