97 how can fossils provide evidence for

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97How can fossils provide evidence for macroevolutionary processes, such as the divergenceof two species from a common ancestor?
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98How do mass extinction events influence subsequent species composition and diversity?
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99In what kind of environment are fossils most likely to form?A. desertB. tropical rainforestC. tundraD. shallow lake bedE. fast flowing creekAnswer Key: D100
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In what types of rocks are fossils most likely to be found?
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101Reference: Ref 23-1The phylogeny above shows:
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[email protected]102Reference: Ref 23-1The phylogeny above shows:A. orangutans and gorillas are more closelyrelated than humans and gorillas.B. humans and gorillas are more closelyrelated than orangutans and gorillas.C. the gorilla is the most recent commonancestor to bonobos, chimps and humans.D. he orangutan is the most recent commonancestor of all great apes.E. all great apes walk with an upright gait.Answer Point Value: 1.0 pointsAnswer Key: B
[email protected]103Reference: Ref 23-1What types of data can be used to construct phylogenies such as the one above?A. molecular dataB. fossil evidenceC. anatomical, physiological anddevelopmental studies of extant speciesD. molecular data, fossil evidence andanatomical, physiological and developmentalstudies of extant speciesE. None of the answers given above arecorrect.Answer Point Value: 1.0 pointsAnswer Key: D
[email protected]104Reference: Ref 23-1Select the best set of data for constructing the type of diagram shown above.A. molecular dataB. morphological data of extant speciesC. anatomical, physiological anddevelopmental studies of extant species thefossil recordD. A combination of a-d would give you thebest data set.

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