The study noted that the dominant feeling the survey

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The study noted that the dominant feeling the survey group reported was “a sense of feeling connected” (IDC 2012). Yet, in the international study cited above, two-thirds of 18- to 30-year-old smartphone users said they spend more time with friends online than they do in person. All of these social networks demonstrate emerging ways that people interact, whether positive or negative. Sociol- ogists ask whether there might be long-term effects of replacing face-to-face interaction with social media. In an interview on the Conan O’Brian Show that ironically circulated widely through social media, the comedian Louis CK described the use of smartphones as “toxic.” They do not allow for children who use them to build skills of empathy because the children do not interact face to face, or see the effects their comments have on others. Moreover, he
argues, they do not allow people to be alone with their feelings. “The thing is, you need to build an ability to just be yourself and not be doing something. That’s what the phones are taking away” (NewsComAu 2013). What do you think? How do social media like Facebook and communication technologies like smartphones change the way we communicate? How could this question be studied? Key Terms AGIL schema Talcott Parsons’ division of society into four functional requisites: A daptation, G oal attainment, Integration, and L atent pattern maintenance anomie a social condition or normlessness in which a lack of clear norms fails to give direction and purpose to individual actions capitalism an economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership and production of goods and their sale in a competitive market content the specific reasons or drives that motivate individuals to interact critical sociology a theoretical perspective that focuses on inequality and power relations in society in order to achieve social justice and emancipation through their transformation
culture includes the group’s shared practices, values, beliefs, norms and artifacts disenchantment of the world the replacement of magical thinking by technological rationality and calculation dominant gender ideology the belief that physiological sex differences between males and females are related to differences in their character, behaviour, and ability dramaturgical analysis a technique sociologists use in which they view society through the metaphor of the- atrical performance dual consciousness the experience of a fissure or dividing point in everyday life where one crosses a line between irreconcilable forms of consciousness or perspective dynamic equilibrium a stable state in which all parts of a healthy society are working together properly dysfunctions social patterns that have undesirable consequences for the operation of society feminism the critical analysis of the way gender differences in society structure social inequality figuration the process of simultaneously analyzing the behaviour of an individual and the society that shapes that behaviour formal sociology a sociology that analytically separates the contents from the forms of social interaction to study the common forms that guide human behaviour

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