In the following section we examine some aspects of

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its statistical origin and purpose. In the following section, we examine some aspects of data collection for research study. 27.3.3. ROLE OF COMPUTER IN STATISTICAL ANALYSIS A nature question for the researcher is to know how a computer can help in statistical analysis. One has to look into the actual usages of various statistical tools in different areas of research. Many statistical tools are available to draw valid conclusions from the data collected by the researcher. However, only some primary tools like percentages, means, correlation coefficients and a few tests of hypotheses are usually reported in journals. One apparent reason for this is that the calculations require some basic knowledge in arithmetic and lot of patience to carry out them. In social sciences, one may have to handle a large number of related variables, which requires good amount of time and effort to go ahead with statistics. Due to lack of computing facilities (in the past) and insufficient training on the available machines, a compromise has emerged according to which only the basic statistics like means and percentages are reported. Today, we have a different scenario. Many advanced statistical methods can be applied to various types of data with the help of user-friendly software. The researcher has only to load them in the computer and selectively apply the suitable tool for a given situation. Some of the popular statistical software packages are SPSS, SAS, SX, MINITAB, etc. Population mathematical software like MATLAB also support statistical analysis to some extent. 24.3.4. DATA HANDLING AND STATISTICS THROUGH MS-ACCESS MS-Access is a member of MS-Office whose main objective is handling large volumes of data and preparing meaningful report from it. Access is based on the concept of Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) in which data is stored as separate tables with relationships. This will make data handling more efficient than the conventional method of keeping a large database as flat file. It is possible to import data from other sources like FoxPro, Excel or even Text file and export data and reports to other programs like Word or Excel.
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245 The following are some specific advantages of using MS-Access. 1) Information can be extracted from Access files in any desired from like Access Report, and Crystal Reports. 2) Data from other sources like Excel and FoxPro can be imported into Access. 3) Macros can be used to perform repeated operations like preparing a number of identical reports with only data changes. 4) Access file can be saved as HTML so that the data can be transferred through Internet explorer to other users. 5) Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) is supported by Access which helps to insert images and other objects in the Access databases.
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