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Chapter 1 - Solution Manual

B as a group the holders of the equity investment at

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Unformatted text preview: b. As a group the holders of the equity investment at risk lack any one of the following three characteristics of a controlling financial interest: 1. The direct or indirect ability through voting rights or similar rights to make decisions about a legal entity's activities that have a significant effect on the success of the legal entity. The investors do not have that ability through voting rights or similar rights if no owners hold voting rights or similar rights (such as those of a common shareholder in a corporation or a general partner in a partnership). Legal entities that are not controlled by the holder of a majority voting interest because of minority veto rights as discussed in paragraphs 810-10-25-2 through 25-14 are not VIEs if the shareholders as a group have the power to control the entity and the equity investment meets the other requirements of the Variable Interest Entities Subsections. 2. The obligation to absorb the expected losses of the legal entity. The investor or investors do not have that obligation if they are directly or indirectly protected from the expected losses or are guaranteed a return by the legal entity itself or by other parties involved with the legal entity. See paragraphs 810-10-25-55 through 25-56 and Example 1 (see paragraph 810-10-55-42) for a discussion of expected losses. 3. The right to receive the expected residual returns of the legal entity. The investors do not have that right if their return is capped by the legal entity's governing documents or arrangements with other variable interest holders or the legal entity. For this purpose, the return to equity investors is not considered to be capped by the existence of outstanding stock options, convertible debt, or similar interests because if the options in those instruments are exercised, the holders will become additional equity investors. The objective of this provision is to identify as VIEs those legal entities in which the total equity investment at risk does not provide the holders of that investment with the characteristics of a controlling financial interest. If interests other than the equity investment at risk provide the holders of that investment with the characteristics of a controlling financial interest or if interests other than the equity investment at risk prevent the equity holders from having the necessary characteristics, the entity is a VIE. c. The equity investors as a group also are considered to lack the characteristic in (b)(1) if both of the following conditions are present: 1. The voting rights of some investors are not proportional to their obligations to absorb the expected losses of the legal entity, their rights to receive the expected residual returns of the legal entity, or both....
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b As a group the holders of the equity investment at risk...

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