Complete time out activity 7 Given that you have already read your selected articles in full at least twice, you should now be familiar with their general content. However, when analysing and synthesising the literature, you are not simply reading the articles to see if they are suitable to include in your review or understand the content; instead, you are now looking specifically for patterns of ideas manifest across all or a series of articles. In essence, you are searching through each article to identify a set of possible themes that you could use as the framework for your review. Therefore, when you read the articles this time, you will be searching for words or phrases that recur across the articles and that might TABLE 3 Further assessment of the literature Descriptive questions Analytical questions What is the question I want to address? Does this article address my question in full or in part, and is it based on empirical research? What is the quality of the source? Is the journal and, therefore, the article credible? How do I know and on what am I basing my decision? Who has written the article? Is the author a subject expert or novice, and does this matter? How do I know if the author is credible? In what type of setting has the study taken place? Is it possible to transfer the findings from this study to my own setting? Is the setting equivalent to my own setting and does this matter? If so, why? If not, why not and can I articulate this? What was the sample and how was it generated? Who are the participants? Are they the same or similar to those I want to include? Does this matter and if so, why? If not, why not and does this matter? Am I able to articulate my rationale for including this study in my review? What study method was used? Was the method appropriate and fit for purpose? Was it robust? How do I know? What am I basing my decision on? Has it helped me clarify what methods I want to use as part of my own study? What were the findings? Are the findings relevant to what took place in the study and are they relevant to my own needs? Do I understand what the researchers have deduced from the findings? Is it clear how the findings have been generated? Is there a clear trail outlining how, where, when and why the data have been managed? How were the data analysed? Were the correct statistical tests used as and where appropriate? How do I know and what am I basing my decision on? Were any themes generated from the qualitative data? How was this done? Is it clear that the ideas expressed came from the data? Was the process of analysing such data robust? How do I know this? How have the researchers reported or discussed their findings? Are the findings and modes of analysis transparent, or are they so brief I do not understand what took place? Can I trust the findings and how do I know this? What are the conclusions? How realistic and how appropriately derived are the study conclusions? Are they based on the data or do they appear tangential to the study? How applicable are they to my own setting or proposed study?
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- Winter '13
- washington ali
- Literature, Evidence-based medicine