Poor joined struggle cared more about immediate gains

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poor joined struggle, cared more about immediate gains in employment/housing and end to policebrutalityc.JFK and the March on Washingtoni.June 1963 Alabama governor George Wallace threatened to personally block the admission of 2black students into the state university, only deployment of now federally controlled National Guardtroops ensured peaceful admission, June 11 JFK went on national tv, next week asked Congressfor broad law that would ensure voting rights outlaw segregation in public facilities bolster fedauthority to deny funds for discriminatory programs, administration officials began intense lobbyingeffort in support, few hours after tv gunman murdered Medgar Evans (leader of MississippiNAACP), broad coalition of civil rights groups planned massive nonviolent March on Washington,Randolph w/ aide Baynard Rustin revived concept/convinced leaders of major civil rights groups tosupport it, JFK admin originally opposed, as plans solidified JFK reluctantly gave approval, JohnLewis (young head of SNCC) planned speech that denounced Kennedys as hypocrites, speechenraged Walter Reuther (white liberal leader of United Auto Workers union, helped finance march),Randolph convinced Lewis to tone down remarks, August 28 1963 >250000 people LincolnMemorial (jobs and freedom), end MLK I Have A Dream Speechd.LBJ and the Civil Rights Act of 1964i.JFK assassination Nov 22 1963 Dallas, Lyndon Baines Johnson (JFK successor, never friendly tocivil rights, senator from Texas, shrewd/powerful, 50s worked to obstruct passage/enforcement ofcivil rights laws), civil rights watched warily, eager to unite Dems/probe himself, let it be known hewould brook no compromise on civil rights, cajoled flattered threatened key members ofHouse/Senate, House passed strong civil rights bill Feb, more difficult fight in Senate, by Junepersistence paid off, July 2 1964 Johnson signed Civil Rights Act 1964, prohibited discrimination inemployment on basis of race color religion sex national origin, outlawed bias in federally assistedprograms, authorized JD to institute suits to desegregate public schools/other facilities, createdEqual Employment Opportunity Commission, provided technical/financial aid to communitiesdesegregating their schoolse.Mississippi Freedom Summeri.spring 1964 coalition of workers led by SNCC launched Freedom Summer project (ambitious effortto register black voters, planned by Bob Moses of SNCC and Dave Dennis of CORE to openMississippi’s closed society to national publicity, 900 volunteers mostly white college students toaid in voter registration teach in “freedom schools” help build “freedom party”, organizers expectedviolence, Mississippi beefed up state highway patrols and local police forces, June 21 3activistsdisappeared in Neshoba County Mi, 6 weeks later after belatedly ordered search, bodies found byFBI agents, at least 3 other deaths, black veterans of SNCC resented affluent white volunteers,white volunteers often found it difficult to communicate in southern communities w/ local blacks,

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Term
Fall
Professor
Reid
Tags
Civil Rights, Martin Luther, Montgomery Bus Boycott, AP US History, Martin Luther King Jr, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

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