would be that the items belong to the same category, while on a trial presented with a cup and a banana, the correct answer would be that the items belong to different categories With this practice categorization task, baboons also reached bout 90% accuracy on this task, using a variety of novel test objects Animal categorization may not necessary demonstrate language ability Training non-human animals to communicated has led to mixed results, with most expert concluding that a true demonstration of language has yet to be shown o Challenge lied in the innate limitations of the ability to categorize concepts Present experiments provide evidence that basic categorization systems exist in non- human animals Conclusions Categorization explains the social phenomenon of stereotyping Categorization allows you to treat members of the same category similarly and make predictions regarding new category members o Leads you to react efficiently and appropriately to your current needs Social phenomenon of stereotypes, stereotyping assumes that an entire social group of people share the same characteristics, traits, and behaviors which forms your impression of the group When new member of social group you assume he/she will share same characteristics, traits, and behaviours matching to your prototype
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- Winter '14
- prototype theory, Categorization, Exemplar Theory