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Selected Answer:b. Esophageal foreign bodyQuestion 81 out of 1 pointsA 14-month-old child has lower extremity bowing, a waddling gait, genu varum, and is at the 5thpercentile for height. Laboratory data include low-normal serum calcium, moderately low serum phosphate, and elevated serum alkaline phosphatase levels, hyperphosphaturia, and normal parathyroid levels. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?Selected Answer:e. Genetic primary hypophosphatemiaQuestion 91 out of 1 pointsThe most common trigger for an acute asthma episode in the very young child isSelected Answer:d. Respiratory infectionsQuestion 101 out of 1 points
What is the primary treatment for testicular torsion?Selected Answer:c. Immediate surgical referralQuestion 111 out of 1 pointsWhen Jason, age 12, slid into homeplate while playing baseball, he injured his ankle. You are trying to differentiate between a strain and a sprain. You know that a sprainSelected Answer:b. Is an injury to the ligaments that attach to the bones in a joint.Question 121 out of 1 pointsThe most common presentation of Hirschprung disease is which of the following?Selected Answer:b. Infrequent bowel movementsQuestion 130 out of 1 pointsJennifer, age 16, is an active cheerleader who just developed type 1 diabetes. She is worried that she will not fit in with her friends anymore because she does not think she can have all the same snacks they have. How do you respond?Selected Answer:c. Be sure to stick to snacks that are high in simple carbohydrates.Question 141 out of 1 pointsWhich of the following is not a sign or symptom of congenital hypothyroidism?Selected Answer:a. Frequent stoolingQuestion 150 out of 1 points
You see a 7-year-old boy a day after he was bitten by his pet dog. According to the mother, the dog bit the child after he snuck up on the dog and grabbed his tail. The dog has had all its vaccinations, including rabies. The child has had no fever, has full movement of the injured limb, and has no sign of neurologic or vascular injury. The wound is on the child’s forearm, is not deep, and is not bleeding, buthas developed about 2 cm of erythema surrounding the site. Which of the following is the most appropriate treatment?Selected Answer:d. Oral amoxicillin-clavulanate for 3-5 daysQuestion 161 out of 1 pointsRobert, your 15-year-old male patient, is here today for a well visit. He is tall in stature and has increased arm span, laxity of joints, pectus excavatum, and an abnormal echocardiogram. Which of the following diagnosis would you suspect Robert as having?Selected Answer:b. Marfan syndromeQuestion 171 out of 1 pointsAn adolescent female presents with a 2-day history of increasing lower abdominal pain. She has mild vomiting and anorexia and fevers to 101F. She is unable to defecate but has an urge to do so. CBC reveals a slightly elevated WBC of 14,000, but is otherwise normal. Serum electrolytes are normal. Thenext step isSelected Answer:a.