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Commonly referred to as house arrest often their last

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Commonly referred to as House Arrest – often their last chance to escape imprisonment 18. Shock Probation – is a short period of incarceration prior to probation and is intended to scare the offender away from future activity……. (what do the critics say…) a. A deterrent punishment, intended for offenders whom long term imprisonment not necessary, yet need something more severe than just probation 19. Shock Incarceration – boot camp programs intended for younger offenders, combines military style training and traditional philosophy in a few months of intensive rehabilitative incarceration, a. Programs cost less b. Effective deterrent for young offenders 20. Imprisonment – the last stop for offenders, for whom intermediate sanctions, probations and lesser incarceration are deemed insufficient (….. I had several questions about prison, what age group of men is the highest…a. 18-20 b. 25-30, c 35-40, I said a. 18-20, what region of the US has the most incarcerated, etc.) a. Riskiest most serious offenders are given imprisonment 21. Eastern Penitentiary in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania - became the model and primary exponent of the Pennsylvania or separate system of prison design. a. Emphasized solitary confinement through physical separation b. Never widely adopted in US, more so in European countries 22. Auburn System – of prison design – known as Congregate System – is the basis for most US prisons in the 19 th and 20 th century a. Based on cells divided into cell blocks, walls were used for sleeping separately only, inmates would congregate for work (in silence), meals, exercise ….. know this b. Designed in the late 1830s isolated prisoners at night 23. Classification – developed in the last half of the twentieth century, ….know this a. Divides inmates according to sex, criminal record, legal reasons, and other similar characteristics b. Was intended to help inmates receive a correctional plan according to their needs, however do to the lack of resources rarely does a plan exist 24. Prisionization – coined by Donald Clemmer… know this a. The process that inmates learn through socialization, the rules and regulations of the prison institution, as well as it’s informal rules, values and customs b. Often transforms the inmate into a career criminal, they lose their traditional values 25. Monolithic Structures – early maximum security prisons in the US, surrounded by a wall and designed with custody and security as primary concern
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a. Immense structure reinforced the dehumanizing effect on prisoners 26. SuperMax Housing – facilities designed to houses seriously disruptive, assaultive, and escape-prone inmates a. Limited access to staff and other inmates, often violent 27. State inmates – are sent to a minimum security prison, one that has been build within the last 30 years, usually offers the same level of security as a maximum prison but without the dehumanizing atmosphere or high cost of operation 28.
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