- Interior is a good vs. evil story Lldefons Cerda, Plan for the extension of Barcelona, 1859 Anotni Gaudi, Sagrada Familia, Barcelona, Spain, 1882 Modernismo: Biomorphic form, invention of new ornament. Has a fairly traditional plan, nothing is spatially different, instead its form and ornament are new. Façade looks like its melting, its taken the idea of west work and towers and looks like its made of something organic like mud. - Exploring catenary arches - Looks like cave in the coronation of the virgin Casa Batilo, Barcelona, 1904-06 Gaudi - Polycrhomes, biomorphic feel, looks like a fish. Gaudi uses tiles, and works with local craftsmen. Modernismo, secession movement dies by WWI Lecture IX: The Birth of the Modern Movement Deutsche Werkbund, 1907-1934: Art and Industry Unite (survives after WWI) Deutsche Werkbund: As the union of art. Rational. Working German group, is a group of German architects, graphic artists, is sponsored by the German government intended to make Germany competitive with other nations that had a head start in industrial production. With the explicit goal of uniting art and industry through a specific educational program and governmental programs.
Peter Behrens and the AEG : Key figure of the Deutsche Werkbund organization. Founded AEG for the German electric company. He designed their buildings, their lightbulbs, things that used electricity. Turbine factory. Peter Behrens, AEG, Turbinenfabrik, Berlin, Germany 1909: - Wanted to elevate the design of industry within the public realm. Wanted to establish a new identity for the German State. What are the most dignified forms? The temple front with two piers, and a slight idea of a pediment. Was an abstraction of classical form. - Wanted at the vernacular and the simplified form and amplifying the size. Helped to make enormous turbines inside. Projected image of stability and dignity. - Put masonry corners for the look of the building to make it look solid and stable. Making references to classicism. - Structure becomes ornament - Rationalism: Mechano-morphic architecture Walter Gropius, Fagus Shoelast Factory, Alfeld Germany (1911-12) - Turns around the idea of masonry and glass, solid and void. - Glass corner looks like it has no walls, and has dispensed the idea of solid corners. Instead he turned it the other way around. Adolf Loos, “Ornament and Crime” (1908): The evolution of culture and synonymous with the removal of ornament from utilitarian objects. Don’t get rid of ornaments all at once, eventually through evolution, ornament will go away. Echoes William Morris, that all this machine has no organic connection to who we are as people. Adolf Loos, Kartner Bar (American Bar), Vienna, 1907 - Polychrome. Ornament must come from structure, materials and their application. Marble, coffers, get rid of machine made stuff!!
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 21 pages?