Recycling cardboard mg 636 636 0576 113 Disposal municipal solid waste to

Recycling cardboard mg 636 636 0576 113 disposal

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Recycling cardboard mg 6.36 6.36 0.576 1.13 Disposal, municipal solid waste, to landfill, methane energy recovery mg 40.8 31.1 24.6 17.2 Disposal, municipal solid waste, to incineration, energy recovery mg 9.56 7.30 5.77 4.03 Transportation To plant Transport, lorry >16t, fleet average (RER) kgkm 0.0142 0.0112 0.0077 0.0056 To US port Transport, transoceanic freight ship (OCE) kgkm 0.533 0.386 0.290 0.205 To warehouse Transport, freight, rail, diesel (US) kgkm 0.132 0.0957 0.0719 0.0509 To warehouse Transport, lorry >32t, EURO3 (RER) kgkm 0.0012 0.00088 0.00066 0.00047 To washroom Transport, lorry 16 32t, EURO3 (RER) kgkm 0.0894 0.0648 0.0487 0.0344 To waste facility Transport, lorry 7.5 16t, EURO3 (RER) kgkm 0.0051 0.0037 0.0028 0.0020 References [27] [27] [14, 27] [14, 27] Reference flow 1/350,000 of dryer and packaging Electricity to dry one pair of hands
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76 Table 20 Bill of activities data representing one functional unit of towel systems. Life cycle stage Unit process Unit Cotton roll towels Paper towels Dispenser Waste bin and liners Materials Copper, primary, at refinery (RER) mg 0.483 Cotton fibres, ginned, at farm (CN) mg 178 Polyethylene, LDPE, granulate, at plant (RER) mg 126 Polypropylene, granulate, at plant (RER) mg 9.13 Steel, converter, chromium steel 18/8, at plant (RER) mg 0.483 20.4 Sulphate pulp, ECF bleached, at plant (RER) mg 4,112 Pulp from waste paper mg (4,112) a Packaging Corrugated board, fresh fibre, single wall, at plant (RER) mg 414 0.648 10.1 Packaging Packaging film, LDPE, at plant (RER) mg 90.2 Manufacturing Electricity, medium voltage, at grid (CN) kJ 0.445 Electricity, low voltage, at grid (US) kJ 29.4 Natural gas, burned in industrial furnace low NOx >100kW (RER) kJ 48.7 0.474 Water,nspecified natural origin L 0.212 Treatment, sewage, to wastewater treatment, class 3 (CH) L 0.212 Extrusion, plastic film (RER) mg 126 Extrusion, plastic pipes (RER) mg 7.98 Spinning cotton fiber mg 160 Sizing mg 160 Weaving mg 157 De sizing / scouring / bleaching mg 157 Use Laundering g 16.2 End of life Recycling cardboard mg 317 0.496 7.75 Disposal, municipal solid waste, to landfill, methane energy recovery mg 218 3,410 8.30 120 Disposal, municipal solid waste, to incineration, energy recovery mg 51.0 800 1.95 28.2
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77 Life cycle stage Unit process Unit Cotton roll towels Paper towels Dispenser Waste bin and liners Transportation To plant Transport, lorry >16t, fleet average (RER) kgkm 0.0671 1.13 0.0027 0.039 To US port Transport, transoceanic freight ship (OCE) kgkm 1.65 0.098 1.57 To warehouse Transport, freight, rail, diesel (US) kgkm 0.409 0.0243 0.388 To warehouse Transport, lorry >32t, EURO3 (RER) kgkm 0.0038 0.00022 0.0036 To washroom Transport, lorry 16 32t, EURO3 (RER) kgkm 0.277 7.60 0.0164 0.262 To laundry Transport, lorry 3.5 7.5t, EURO3 (RER) kgkm 1.62 To waste facility Transport, lorry 7.5 16t, EURO3 (RER) kgkm 0.024 0.432 0.00093 0.015 References [12] [12 14] [14] [6, 14] Reference flow 1/103 of one towel pull and packaging, plus laundry 2 paper towels 1/350,000 of dispenser and packaging 1/350,000 of waste bin & pkging, plus 1/270 of bin liner & pkging (a) Parentheses indicate masses associated with paper towels manufactured from 100% recycled content (assuming cut off allocation of that content).
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