100%(16)16 out of 16 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 20 - 24 out of 52 pages.
The Collaboration•Richard Rodgers: Composer•Oscar Hammerstein II : Lyricist•Lyrics first, then music
•Producers of their own shows as well as other shows. Annie! Get your GunWhy So Important?•Story first (book musicals)•Everything in the score had to advance the characters and the story•We see ourselves in these characters•Musicals become drama. Not just mindless entertainment. Oklahoma!•The first musical to be recorded with its original castCarousel•A musical about spousal abuse, an intense but doomed love affair. Allegro(1947)•First flop in the R&H canon, a man’s life from birth to death. A very avant garde style. A very bizzare showSouth Pacific •Second musical ever to win a pullitzer prize, about racism and zenophobia (fear of foreigners) Me and Juliet (1953)•Fail. No successful songsPipe Dream•Another flop. About prostitutesFlower Drum Song(1958)•Not terribly popular, one successful song “I enjoyed being a girl”The Sound of Music•Their last music. Movie MusicalsThe Jazz Singer•Opens in 1927•Revolutionizes sound•Great response to the world of VitaphoneBroadway Melody1929•Sound Editing and Pre Recorded SoundtracksoPre recorded lip dubbing•1stsound Film to win best picture
•Establishes Metro Goldwyn Meyer (MGM) as the musical studioBusby Berkley•Uses cameras as an asset in his choreography•Creates complicated and exciting shots•Greatest work is 42ndStreet•Kaleidoscope choreography– geometrically arranged dancers moving in unison was his specialty. MGM•Metro Goldwyn Meyer•Creates Preview system•Arthur Freed Unit•Creates incredible stars whose charms are emphasized by the cameraRuby Keeler & Dick Powell – boy and girl next girlMickey Rooney & Judy Garland – young idealistic figuresFred Astaire & Ginger Rodgers – usually fell in love on the dance floor•Very urban dancing •Very sexyGene Kelley & Stanley Donen – Kelley was masculine (Singin in the Rain)Great Movie Musicals•An American in Paris•Seven Brides for Seven Brothers•The Band Wagon•The Wizard of Oz1960’s Movie Musicals•Broadway goes to the movies•Elvis Presley acting in films•TV dominates•Rock dominates1970’s Movie Musicals•Raw Cinema equals raw movies•Cabaret•Rocky Horror Picture Show•Bob Fosse and All That Jazz – really graphic, really bizarre.
Disney (the 80’s)•MTV in the 1980’s•Animated rejuvenates musical movies•Disney: The Little Mermaid, Beauty and the Beast, Aladdin, The Lion King,etc. •Alan Menken and Howard Ashman (dies in 1991 from AIDS)Television•Cinderella(1956)•Peter Pan(1960)•Cop Rock(1989)•Family Guy(1999)•Glee(2009)•Smash(2012)The Golden Age Theatre week 6•The golden age began with Oklahoma, and ends with Fiddler on the roof (21 years)•Broadway is working at the top of its game in this time frame•This is also known as the era of the Book Musical (nothing will be in it unless it advances the storyAmerica•