The Collaboration Richard Rodgers Composer Oscar Hammerstein II Lyricist Lyrics

The collaboration richard rodgers composer oscar

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The Collaboration Richard Rodgers: Composer Oscar Hammerstein II : Lyricist Lyrics first, then music
Producers of their own shows as well as other shows. Annie! Get your Gun Why So Important? Story first (book musicals) Everything in the score had to advance the characters and the story We see ourselves in these characters Musicals become drama. Not just mindless entertainment. Oklahoma! The first musical to be recorded with its original cast Carousel A musical about spousal abuse, an intense but doomed love affair. Allegro (1947) First flop in the R&H canon, a man’s life from birth to death. A very avant garde style. A very bizzare show South Pacific Second musical ever to win a pullitzer prize, about racism and zenophobia (fear of foreigners) Me and Juliet (1953) Fail. No successful songs Pipe Dream Another flop. About prostitutes Flower Drum Song (1958) Not terribly popular, one successful song “I enjoyed being a girl” The Sound of Music Their last music. Movie Musicals The Jazz Singer Opens in 1927 Revolutionizes sound Great response to the world of Vitaphone Broadway Melody 1929 Sound Editing and Pre Recorded Soundtracks o Pre recorded lip dubbing 1 st sound Film to win best picture
Establishes Metro Goldwyn Meyer (MGM) as the musical studio Busby Berkley Uses cameras as an asset in his choreography Creates complicated and exciting shots Greatest work is 42 nd Street Kaleidoscope choreography – geometrically arranged dancers moving in unison was his specialty. MGM Metro Goldwyn Meyer Creates Preview system Arthur Freed Unit Creates incredible stars whose charms are emphasized by the camera Ruby Keeler & Dick Powell – boy and girl next girl Mickey Rooney & Judy Garland – young idealistic figures Fred Astaire & Ginger Rodgers – usually fell in love on the dance floor Very urban dancing Very sexy Gene Kelley & Stanley Donen – Kelley was masculine (Singin in the Rain) Great Movie Musicals An American in Paris Seven Brides for Seven Brothers The Band Wagon The Wizard of Oz 1960’s Movie Musicals Broadway goes to the movies Elvis Presley acting in films TV dominates Rock dominates 1970’s Movie Musicals Raw Cinema equals raw movies Cabaret Rocky Horror Picture Show Bob Fosse and All That Jazz – really graphic, really bizarre.
Disney (the 80’s) MTV in the 1980’s Animated rejuvenates musical movies Disney: The Little Mermaid, Beauty and the Beast, Aladdin, The Lion King, etc. Alan Menken and Howard Ashman (dies in 1991 from AIDS) Television Cinderella (1956) Peter Pan (1960) Cop Rock (1989) Family Guy (1999) Glee (2009) Smash (2012) The Golden Age Theatre week 6 The golden age began with Oklahoma, and ends with Fiddler on the roof (21 years) Broadway is working at the top of its game in this time frame This is also known as the era of the Book Musical (nothing will be in it unless it advances the story America

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