Describe how individuals who experience disability, pain, or illness manage or fight against stigma: Managing stigma: - Stigma : social disgrace of having a discrediting attribute Health social movements: - Collective efforts to bring about change in health arena
The body & the self: - Illness & disability affect the self-concept - Positive & negative changes - Illness & disability affect men & women differently Chp 7: The sociology of mental illness Assess how ethnicity, gender, social class, social stress, & social capital affects metal illness: - 1/3 working-age adults experience diagnosable mental illness - 1/5 experiencing moderate or severe disorder Ethnicity: little effect on rates of major mental illness - African Americans less likely than whites to develop anxiety or mood disorders, but more likely to report psychological distress (racism) - Hispanic Americans less likely than whites to develop anxiety disorders, mood disorders, & substance abuse problems (extended families protect against chronic stress) Gender: Gender socialization - Men have higher rates of substance abuse & personality disorders - Women have higher rates of depression & anxiety disorders Social Class: diagnosable mental illness & psychological distress > as social class < - Mental illness can cause individuals to drift into lower class - Chronic stress of lower class life leads to mental illness Social capital: - Psychological distress less common those with more social capital - Resources available to individuals through social networks Compare the medical & sociological models of mental illness: Medical model : - Objectively measurable conditions define mental illness - Mental illness stems largely or solely from something within individual psychology or biology - Mental illness will worsen if left untreated but likely to lessen if treated promptly by a medical authority - Treating mental illness rarely if ever harms patients Sociological model : - Definitions of mental illness reflect subjective social judgments regarding whether behaviors are acceptable & understandable - Behaviors labeled mental illness when contravene cognitive, performance, or feeling norms Understand how medical & social ideas about mental illness have evolved over time: Premodern societies: - Blamed mental illness on supernatural forces Capitalist economy: - New, formal, social institutions to address mental illness
- 19 th century aims to improved conditions at institutions Sigmund Freud: - mental illness occurred when children did not respond successfully to series of childhood developmental issues linked to biological body Mid 20 th century: - mental hospitals were huge, depressing, & worsened patients illness - Deinstitutionalization: dramatic drop in patients in hospitals/changes in federal funding rather than from improvements in medical treatment Offer a sociological description of the experience of living with mental illness: Horwitz Article: Distress vs. Disorders Marx/Conflict Theory: Stress & chronic subordination Durkheim: Loss of status, resources, or attachments Weber: Inability to CHP 8: Health Care in the U.S.
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- Spring '17
- Lisa Kort-Butler