Heaven the planter sows and tends the crop the lord

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Heaven,’ “The Planter Sows and Tends The Crop,” “The Lord Gives the Crop’s Increase,” and“The Planter Reaps.”THE “KINGDOM OF GOD” AND THE “KINGDOM OF HEAVEN”Mark 4:26-29 records Jesus’ words about the Kingdom of God. Mark and Luke use theexpression Kingdom of God. John uses it twice (John 3:3-5). Matthew’s Gospel usually uses theexpression Kingdom of Heaven and occasionally uses the expression Kingdom of God (Matthew6:33; 12:28; 19:24; 21:31, 43).31Kingdom of God appears in Acts and the epistles (e.g., Romans,1 Corinthians, Galatians, Colossians, 1 and 2 Thessalonians). For the rest of this discussion weshall use the terms Kingdom of Heaven and Kingdom of God as synonymous.32The phrases Kingdom of God and Kingdom of Heaven do not appear in the OldTestament. There are only two bodies of literature where the expression Kingdom of Heavenappears repeatedly as a sort of technical term. They are rabbinic literature and the NewTestament.33In Hebrew there is no singular “heaven.” It is always in the plural “heavens.” TheNew Testament uses the Greek word for “heaven” consistently wherever God’s kingdom ismentioned. The Kingdom of God that Jesus referred to as recorded in Mark 4:26-29 is not a31Revelation 12:10 refers to “the kingdom of our God”. Revelation 11:15 refers to “the kingdom of our Lord and of hisChrist.”32The counts of instances of the expressions “Kingdom of God” and “Kingdom of Heaven” are based on the KingJames Version.33Joseph Frankovic, “The Kingdom of Heaven.”Jerusalem Perspective. Accessed May 2018., 4-5. Brad H. Young,Jesus and His Jewish Parables, 225, Note 22.
10realm in the geographical sense of the word. Rather, it is God’s royal dominion over all creation.The Kingdom of God as recorded in Mark 4:26-29 means the region above the visible heavens,the universe, the seat of order of things eternal and consummately perfect where God dwells withother heavenly beings.The different words used in the Old Testament for God’s kingdom pertain not togeographical places, but rather to God’s rule. In Hebrew and Aramaic, they indicate dominion,reign, sovereignty,34kingship, royalty, kingly office,35kingly authority,36royal power andsovereign power37(1 Chronicles 29:11; Psalm 22:28; 103:19; Daniel 2:37). In Greek, in the NewTestament, they indicate royal power, kingship, dominion, and rule38(Matthew 3:1-2; Mark10:14; Luke 6:20; John 18:36; Acts 14:22; Romans 14:17; Hebrews 1:8; Revelation 1:9).God’s everlasting kingdom governs everything (Psalm 103:19; 145:13).39THE KINGDOM OF GOD–TWO NUANCES AND TIMEJesus spoke of the Kingdom of Heaven with two nuances, both of which aver that Godhas taken charge of people and events. First, whenever God has taken charge of a situation, theKingdom of Heaven is at hand. “But if it is by the finger of God that I cast out demons, then thekingdom of God has come upon you” (Luke 11:20, ESV). Second, he refers to people who haveacknowledged and known him as Lord, that is, the people who constitute the redemptive34

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