the firm. Some cases are groomed by other managers. Job rotation and lateral transfers also provide trainees with variety of work. Cooperative training, internships and governmental trainingCooperative training: training program combining practical on-the-job experience with formal educational classes. Apprenticeship training: a system of training in which a worker entering the skilled trades is given through instruction and experience, both on and off the job, in the practical and theoretical aspects of the work.Internship programs: programs jointly sponsored by colleges, universities, and other organizations that offer students the opportunity to gain real-life experience while allowing them to find out how they will perform in work organizations.Simulations Ex. For pilots, doctors, astronauts e-learning e-learning: learning that takes place via electronic medialearning management system: LMS. Online system that provides a variety of assessment, communication, teaching and learning opportunities.Just-in-time training: training delivered to trainees when and where they need it to do their jobs, usually via computer or the internet. Eventually, massive open online courses MOOCs could make training even less expensive Behaviour Modelling Behaviour modelling: technique that combines several training methods and multiple principles of learning. Approach that demonstrates desired behaviour and gives trainees the chance to practice and role-play those behaviours and receive feedback. Consists of 4 basis components
1.Learning points2.Modeling3.Practice4.Feedback and reinforcement Public service HRM agency of Canada has a list of key leadership competencies Military is prime example of behavioural modelingRole playing Coaching Coaching: consists of a continuing flow of instructions, comments, and suggestions from manager to subordinate. (by contrast, mentor is not someone the employee reports to).Case studies Useful in classroom learningSeminars and conferences Used to communicate ideas, policies, or procedures. Good for discussion and debate. Often used when there is a goal to change. Blended learningBlended learning: method whereby lectures are used with other computer and online instruction and other audiovisual materials. Use of multiple methods to achieve optimal learning. Classroom (lecture) instructionProgrammed instruction: allows individuals to work at their own pace, involves the use of books, manuals, or computers to break down subject matter content into highly organized, logical sequences that demand a continual response on the part of the trainee.