Lecture 16 slides 2 4 education differences in

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(lecture 16 , slides 2-4) Education : differences in interaction Ex: exclusion of women in STEM fields Workplace: glass ceiling -> workplace mobility is stopped
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Politics: lack of involvement of women 21. According to West & Zimmerman, how are sex categorization and the accomplishment of gender different? Make sure you define your terms clearly in your explanation. 22. According the Collins, how does objectification and the use of controlling images further subordinate black women? What were the controlling images used? How does this relate to the dominant group’s perceptions of black women? 23. According to Weber, what are the three pure types of authority? What is the most rational and why? 3 categories of legitimation strategies used to justify the right of rulers to rule: 1. Charismatic authority: points to an individual who possesses certain traits that make a leader extraordinary. Often oppose established rules and routines. Their achievements are short lived. Power comes from the massic trust and unbreakable faith that people put in him 2. Traditional authority: based on long standing, unquestionable principles.This leader depends on established tradition or order. Great stability. Not based on qualifications or effectiveness 3. Legal rational authority (bureaucratic) : governed by universally applied rules and procedures. Utilize qualified experts in a logical division of labor. a leader. The obedience of people is not based on the capacity of the leader but on the legitimacy that laws bestow upon people in authority Bureaucratic authority is the authority on the basis of laws, rules and procedures that govern citizens. This has been successful in protestant countries because it emphasizes hard word and individual responsibility which is both necessary in order to maintain and pursue ends of capitalism. Helps ensure an orderly transfer of power in a time of crisis 24. What does Perrow mean when he says that organizations are absorbing society and how does this occur? You should include both the three phenomena that constitute the basis of his argument and the additional processes that occur outside of the “’pure’ case of absorption.” 25. What is the difference between statistical normality and social normality? Define both and provide an answer or each. Explain how both conceptualizations relate to our understanding of deviance and why the statistical conception of deviance—and normality—is problematic. Statistical normality: tests that are used to determine if a data set is well-modeled by a normal distribution Social normality: describe individual behavior that conforms to the most common behavior is society. Can vary by person, place time and changes along with a changing society.
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These are rules that in every society, citizens are expected to follow Social norms carry sanctions to promote conformity ( a mode of reward of punishment that reinforces socially expected forms of behavior) so if we don’t follow our society’s norms, we might get punished. Also if we don’t follow the rules, we might get stigmatized because we
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