strategic plan looks at the organization as a whole, the HRM strategic plan looks at the department as a whole, and the HR plan addresses specific issues in the human resource department. K E Y T A K E A W A Y S < Personnel management and HRM are different ways of looking at the job duties of human resources. Twenty years ago, personnel management focused on administrative aspects. HRM today involves a strategic process, which requires working with other departments, managers, and executives to be effective and meet the needs of the organization. < In general, HRM focuses on several main areas, which include staﬃng, policy development, compensation and benefits, retention issues, training and development, and regulatory issues and worker protection. < To be effective, the HR manager needs to utilize technology and involve others. < As part of strategic planning, HRM should conduct a strategic analysis, identify HR issues, determine and prioritize actions, and then draw up the HRM plan. 34 HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
E X E R C I S E S 1.What is the difference between HR plans and HRM strategic plans? How are they the same? How are theydifferent? 2.Of the areas of focus in HRM, which one do you think is the most important? Rank them and discuss thereasons for your rankings. 2. WRITING THE HRM PLAN L E A R N I N G O B J E C T I V E 1.Describe the steps in the development of an HRM plan.
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