It was chosen because the Jewish population of Israel consisted of refugees and

It was chosen because the jewish population of israel

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It was chosen because the Jewish population of Israel consisted of refugees and migrants from many countries who spoke many languagesThe task of reviving Hebrew as a living language was formidableCeltic- (Welsh, Irish, Breton, Scottish, Cornish)Welsh--It remained dominant in Wales until the nineteenth century, when many English speakers migrated there to work in coal mines and factoriesIn the county of Gwynedd, two-thirds speak WelshBritain’s 1988 Education Act made Welsh language training a compulsory subject in all schools in Wales, and Welsh history and music have been added to the curriculumAll local governments and utility companies are now obliged to provide services in WelshKnowledge of Welsh is now required for many jobs, especially in public service, media, culture, and sportsIrish--Irish is spoken by 350,000 people on a daily basis, and 1.5 million say that they can speak itEnglish road signs were banned from portions of western Ireland in 2005Irish singers, including many rock groups have begun to record and perform in GaelicIn the 1300’s, the Irish were forbidden to speak their own language in the presence of their English mastersThe teacher carved a notch in the stick every day the child used an Irish word, and at the end of theday meted out punishment based on the number of talliesParents encouraged their children to learn English so that they could compete for jobs
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The Cultural Landscape by Rubenstein Name___William Gehrke_____________Chapter 5: LanguagesBreton--In Brittany, an isolated peninsula that juts out into the Atlantic Ocean--around 250,000 people speak Breton regularlyIt differs from the other Celtic languages in that it has more French wordsScottish--In Scotland 59,000, or 1 percent of the people, speak Scottish GaelicIt was carried from Ireland to Scotland about 1,500 years agoCornish--Became extinct in 1777, with the death of the language’s last known native speaker, Dolly Pentreath, who lived in MouseholeBefore she died, an English historian wrote down as much of her speech as possible so that future generations could study the Cornish languageA few hundred people have become fluent in the formerly extinct Cornish language, which was revived in the 1920’sIt is taught in grade schools and adult evening courses and is used in some church servicesSom banks accept checks written in itBecause the language became extinct, it is impossible to know precisely how to pronounce Cornish wordsAustralia-1 percent of the population is AboriginalMany elements are now being preservedBu education is oriented toward teaching English rather than maintaining local languagesEnglish is the language of instruction throughout Australia, and others are relegated to the status of secondlanguageFear of immigration was especially strong in Australia because of its proximity to other Asian countriesThe Australian government now merely requires that immigrants learn English New Zealand-
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The Cultural Landscape by Rubenstein Name___William Gehrke_____________Chapter 5: Languages
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