The reinforcements clear out the rest of the Sioux afterwards. The chiefs are taken into custody or killed, except for Sitting Bull who flees into Canada.oThe rest of the Sioux are put back in the reservation system and go to South Dakota.1890 Battle of Wounded Knee CreekoThe Bureau of Indian Affairs is supposed to help the Sioux on the reservation, however, none of their promises are kept. The seeds, rations, and other things the Sioux are promised are never given. Soon, the land becomes dry and arid, while the weather is hot.Chief Sitting Bull returns to the Sioux, and a prophet tells him that he needs to do a Ghost Dance. If the Ghost Dance is properly preformed, three things would happen.1) White people would disappear.2) Ancestors would return.3) Lands would also return.oThe pioneers feel like the natives are preparing for war, and they ask for help from the government. Chief Sitting Bull is being taken away and a fight ensues in which nine natives die, and six pioneers die as well. One of the dead Natives is Chief Sitting Bull. The Sioux petitions help from Chief Bigfoot. oIn December 29, 1890 a shot is fired in a debacle and a fight ensues in which 200 people die.Congress has a solution on how to quell the violence. Massachusetts Senator, Henry Dawes, comes up with the Dawes Severalty Act, which is passed in 1887. However, it’s only completed and in action years after that. It’s also known as the General Allotment Act.US Gov’t will give 160 acres of land to native families. The land isfree as long as the natives live there for 25 years. There are three goals.1) Sever the tribes by creating individual families.2) Stop migration. Sioux are traditionally nomadic, but granting them individual family farms will stop the migration.3) Remove tribe influence on the kids. They want to Americanize the native people.The Act is successful and stops the violence.About 47 million acres of land is allocated to native people.Other Acts1862 – Homestead ActoThis is an act that grants 160 acres of free land to individual people if they live on the land for five years.
This is done during the Civil War to get northeasterners out West to unify the North with the West.1862 – Morril ActoFederal land subsidies are given to states to create universities. oUndesirable lands are sold to speculators to build universities in more prime spots.Railroad Fun1826 – John Stevens is the father of the American railway, and builds the first railroad in New Jersey.1840 – 3,000 miles of track in the US.1860 – 30,000 miles of track.AMH NotesWeek 3 (2/1/2016)1862 – Pacific Railroad ActoCreates a transcontinental railroad through land grants to subsidize the building.Railroad companies get land grants next to rivers. They only use some of the land and sell the rest to speculators. This land is very valuable and brings in the railroad companies a lot of cash.