prescription drugs which include antispasmodics anticholinergics anti

Prescription drugs which include antispasmodics

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prescription drugs which include antispasmodics, anticholinergics, anti-diarrhoeals, analgesia, antidepressants, anxiolytics and gut modulators (Shan, 2009). Individuals suffering from IBS may be placed on a variety of medications, depending on the symptoms that are present as well as the sub-class the individual falls under such as IBS-C, IBS-D or IBS-M. Antispasmodics and anticholinergics are a class of medication that are used to inhibit nerve stimulation of muscle contraction along the gastrointestinal tract. These drugs help to prevent spasms and pain that are characteristic symptoms of IBS (Shan, 2009). Anti-diarrheoeals are used to help suppress gut motility which in turn will help to decrease the spams and pain that are related with IBS (Shan, 2009). Antidepressants such as selective serotonin inhibitors and tricyclic’s are used primarily for pain relief and work by blocking the neuronal re-uptake of the brains neurotransmitters known as norepinephrine and serotonin, which in turn triggers adaptive changes in nerve transmission in producing pain relief along with the second benefit of acting as an antidepressant (Shan, 2009). Visceral analgesics are given to those who suffer from IBS and they work by helping to remove pain through suppression of pain and nerve impulses (Shan, 2009). Gut modulators are used for the help with constipation which is characteristic of IBS-C. These drugs work by inhibiting the nerve signals involved in gut motility which cause the gastrointestinal muscle spasms and pain common with IBS (Shan, 2009). Probiotics are recommended to help restore the intestinal microbiota and help prevent gastrointestinal infections (Iacob, Tatulescu, & Dumitrascu, 2017). Practitioners recommend those suffering from IBS to follow a specific dietary guideline such as, eating regularly by not rushing to finish a meal and not skipping any meals, drink at least eight cups of fluid throughout the day and limit the intake of high-fiber foods and protein. Soluble fiber such as oats and flaxseed are beneficial to those diagnosed with
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IBS as it helps to relive cramping and regulate function by soothing the intestinal wall with a stabilizing gel (Shan, 2009). Individuals with IBS may be treated with various types of prescriptions to gain relief from characteristic IBS symptoms and it may vary between different types of subclasses of IBS-C, IBS-D and IBS-M. Complementary and alternative therapy. Complementary and alternative therapy have been used with individuals diagnosed with IBS. There are variety of therapies that are used but the most beneficial therapy with the greatest effects are treatments that place emphasis on the person rather than focusing solemnly on the symptoms (Shan, 2009). The focus for conventional therapy for IBS is the connection between stress and anxiety and the effects on the gastrointestinal tract. One type of treatment that is used on individuals diagnosed with IBS is the use of yoga. Yoga aids individuals in reducing stress and to improve overall health. The discipline of yoga, with its origins from the ancient Hindu religion, is traditionally practiced for individuals to attain unity with the mind, body and spirituality (Schumann et al., 2016). Research has been conducted on the effects of yoga with the different sub-classes of IBS. The research on the use of yoga as a
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