It is a learning tool for both small and large

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drive behavior for improvement. It is a learning tool for both small and large companies to identify challenges and capture ongoing improvement. It targets a spectrum of performance that allows beginners and leaders in environmental sus- tainability, regardless of company size, to identify opportunities. The SAC has established a strong foundation of organizational culture and progress, faces both opportunities and challenges, opens membership to any interested company in the apparel sector and drives the Index tool through further iterations and industry adoption. As the organization grows and evolves, it must retain its unique culture and speed at the same time that it balances membership growth, which may bring evolving expectations around sustainability aspirations and engagement to the coalition. The SAC must look forward in order to achieve its long-term vision of transforming apparel industry such that it produces no unnecessary environmental harm and has a positive impact on the people and communities associated with its S. Radhakrishnan ( & ) Department of Fashion Technology, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore, India e-mail: [email protected] © Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2015 S.S. Muthu (ed.), Roadmap to Sustainable Textiles and Clothing , Textile Science and Clothing Technology, DOI 10.1007/978-981-287-164-0_2 23
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activities. The organization is poised to build on its success with strong momentum and member commitment. Translating the coalition s accomplishments and lessons learned across the apparel industry (and to other industries) will be the true measure of SAC s success. 1 Environmental Impact of Products 1.1 Introduction Every product used by the consumer has an impact on the environment. Many consumers today do not know the extent to which these products impact the environment low or high. A product is considered to be eco-friendly when it is made, used and disposed of in a manner that would reduce the harm to the envi- ronment when compared to a product that was manufactured and used without any environmental concern. However, consumers have become more conscious of these impacts and are spelling out their preferences for eco-friendliness, thereby forcing the manufacturer to adopt clean technologies all along the supply chain to produce environmentally friendly products (Challa 2014 ). All products that are manufactured cause environmental degradation, either during manufacture, use, or disposal. This can be evaluated by looking at the dif- ferent phases of the product s lifecycle and taking action at the phases where it will be most effective to reduce the environmental impact. However, the lifecycle of a product is long and complicated, covering many areas with many people involved in each phase. A remedial measure or policy may not be possible to address this aspect but a variety of voluntary and mandatory tools will help to achieve this objective.
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