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Based of rosa parks arrest, blacks boycotted the bus MLK JR became their leader and he advocated civil disobedience: the willful but nonviolent breach of unjust laws.4.Who was Martin Luther King Jr. and why was he significant to the civil rights movement? See above5.Describe the following outcomes of the civil rights movement: The Twenty-Fourth Amendment: poll tax for all federal elections was abolishedThe Civil Rights Act of 1964: barred segragation in most public accomodations the most comprehensive legislative attempt ever to erase racial discrimination in the United StatesThe Voting Rights Act of 1965:overcame leagal barriers at state and local levels that prevented african americans from exercising their right to vote (15thamendment)The Fair Housing Act of 1968: prohibited discrimination concerning sale, rental and financing of housing bsed n race, religion, national, origin and sex. Section 16.5 The Civil Rights and Other MinoritiesDescribe the effect of the civil rights movement on other minority groups' struggles for equality, listed below.Native Americans 1.The national government switched from focusing on separation of Native Americans to assimilation. When did Native Americans receive citizenship and why was that significant? In 1924 Page 47 of 50
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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution Immigrant Groups2.What were the effects of the strict quota system in our immigration policy during the early20th century?gave a clear advantage to Northern and Western Europeans and guaranteed that few Southern or Eastern Europeans, Asians, Africans, and Jews would enter the country by legal meansDisabled Americans 3.How did the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) extend the protections provided in the Civil Rights Act of 1964? What does the ADA guarantee to individuals with disabilities?It extended to persons withphysical or mental disabilities, including people with AIDS, alcoholism, and drug addiction. It guarantees them access to employment, transportation, public accommodations, and communication services.Homosexual Americans (LGBT Americans) 4.Ending the “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy in the military led to what result? enabled gays and lesbians to serve openly in the U.S. military.Mentor Note:The Supreme Court decided that the right to same-sex marriage was guaranteed by the Constitution in the case Obergefell v. Hodges (2015).Section 16.6 Gender and Equal Rights: The Women’s MovementAnswer the following questions: 1.Define protectionism:the notion that women must be sheltered from life's harsh realities. 2.Describe the Nineteenth Amendment. Women were given the right to vote3.Describe how Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 pressed for women’s rights.
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