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DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Question 9 of 40 exogamy is the rule or custom which

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Question 9 of 40 Exogamy is the rule or custom which requires people to marry outside a particular group or locality. Your Answer: Explanation Exogamy is also called outbreeding and is the opposite of inbreeding. Almost all cultures strongly discourage inbreeding because reproducing with individuals who are closely related increases the chances that the resulting offspring will suffer from genetic defects. Question 10 of 40 A rule which dictates that marriage must be to a person within one’s own group is called endogamy. Your Answer: Explanation An endogamous group could involve members of a specific religion, caste, nationality, class, etc.
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Question 11 of 40 Divorce is the act by which a valid marriage is dissolved, usually freeing the parties to remarry. In regions in which ancient religious authority still predominates, it may be difficult and rare, especially when, as among Roman Catholics and Hindus, the religious tradition views marriage as indissoluble. Your Answer: Explanation Custom, however, may make divorce a simple matter in some societies. Among some Pueblo Indian tribes a woman could divorce her husband by leaving his moccasins on the doorstep. Question 12 of 40 Kindred consisted of a set of relatives from each side of the family, extending at least to the second cousins of any given individual. Your Answer: Explanation A person's kindred was once important, as this was the unit within which inheritance could be claimed, but the significance of the kindred varied from city-state to city-state and through history. For example, during the 5th and 4th centuries BC such ties of kinship were less important in urban Athens than elsewhere, because of increasing urbanization and the large number of noncitizens in the population. Question 13 of 40 Lineage is a descent group reckoned through only one parent, either paternal (patrilineage) or maternal(matrilineage). All members of such a group trace their common ancestry to a single person. Your Answer: Explanation A lineage is exclusive in its membership and is normally corporate, its members exercising rights in common and being collectively subject to obligations. Question 14 of 40 Membership of a clan is socially defined in terms of actual or purported descent from a common ancestor . Your Answer: Explanation This descent is unilineal-—i.e., derived only through the male (patriclan) or the female (matriclan). Normally, but not always, the clans are exogamous, marriage within the clan being forbidden and regarded as incest. The clan- is a kinship group of fundamental importance in the structure of many societies. Question 15 of 40
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Affiliation with a group of kin through descent links of one sex only is called unilineal descent. Your Answer: Explanation Both patrilineality (father's lineage) and matrilineality (mother's lineage) are types of unilineal descent.
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