Results Performance on the Hinting Task served as the primary criterion

Results performance on the hinting task served as the

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2006) and are presented in Table 1. Results Performance on the Hinting Task served as the primary criterion variable. As seen in Table 2, the distribution of the criterion variable ( M = 14.62, SD = 2.82) was not significantly skewed nor leptokurtic (sk = -0.06 and k = -0.39). Predictors included the following measures of neurocognitive, social cognition and socio-behavioral abilities: Neurocognitive measures Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). This comprehensive assessment provides an overall score of neurocognitive functioning as well as in various domains (immediate and delayed memory, visuospatial abilities, language and attention). FAS. This measure is used to assess executive functioning through a word generation task. Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Mazes Subtest (WISC) . This assessment measures planning and executive functioning as well as fine visual-motor coordination Social cognition measures
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Questionnaire of Competence and Control Orientation (FKK). This assessment measures locus of control and contains subscales that include internal, self-concept, self-efficacy, chance and externality. Socio-behavioral measures Nurses’ Observation Scale for Inpatient Evaluation-30 (NOSIE-30). Consisting of 30 items, this instrument is a psychiatric ward behavior rating scale that was formulated by Honigfeld et al. (1966). Items are grouped into six factor-analytically derived subscales: social competence, social interest, neatness, irritability, psychosis and motor retardation. An initial set of bivariate correlational analyses were examined to identify whether the key neurocognitive, social cognitive and socio-behavioral variables were related to performance on the Hinting Task. The descriptives for these statistics are presented in Table 3. The only significant correlates of performance on the Hinting Task appeared to be scores of the RBANS Total (r = .390, p < .05), RBANS Story Recall subtest (r = .368, p < .05), Language subtest (r = .370, p < .05), Immediate Memory subtest, (r = .355, p < .05) and Story Memory subtest (r = .358, p < .05). Of the various other measures used to assess attention, visuospatial abilities, executive functioning, locus of control and social behavior ratings, no other significant bivariate correlations were found. To determine which of the different neurocognitive, social cognitive and socio-behavioral variables made independent contributions in predicting of performance on the Hinting Task, these variables were entered into a multiple regression model. Because subtests of the RBANS are highly correlated, a stepwise approach was used to avoid variance accounted for due to collinearity effects. As seen in Table 4, the RBANS Total score was found to significantly account for 15.2 % of the variance in performance on the Hinting Task. List learning, story memory, immediate memory, story recall, figure copy, line orientation, picture naming, fluency, language, coding, attention, visuospatial abilities, and delayed memory subtests of the RBANS were not found to be significant. Tasks of executive functioning and planning, the FAS and WISC mazes, were not found to be a significant predictor in the overall model.
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  • Spring '14
  • Psychology, Sig., RBANS, Social Cognitive Ability

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