stressors and have few healthcare resource to cope. “Poverty is associated with many long-term problems, such as poor health and increased mortality, school failure, crime and substance misuse.” (Murali & Oyebode, 2004)
Money does not guarantee an individual’s mental health, and being poor does not automatically lead to mental illness. However, poverty can be both a cause and effect of weak mental health. The relationship between low economic status and mental illness is correlated. The New Haven study in 1958 and the Midtown Manhattan Study conducted in 1963 both stated that there was a direct correlation between, “poverty and a high rate of emotional disturbance, as well as disparity in the availability and use of healthcare treatment and facilities dependent on social classes.” (Murali & Oyebode, 2004) Mental disorders are more common among people in lower social classes. These psychiatric disorders, including but are not limited to; neurotic disorders, functional psychoses and alcohol and drug dependence. “Employment status was a major factor in explaining the differences in prevalence rates of all psychiatric disorders in adults. Unemployment significantly increased the odds ratio of psychiatric disorders compared with the reference group. It almost quadrupled the odds of drug dependence after controlling for other socio-demographic variables.
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- Fall '14