Investigation includes powers to conduct inspections

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Investigation Includes powers to: Conduct inspections & tests (including warrantless inspections in certain situations such  as firearms/liquor) Subponeas: duces tecum-requires production of documents. Ad testifcandum-requires  testimony Adjudication
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Like a trial before a judge Negotiated settlements Formal complaints Role of administrative law judge Hearing procedures Agency orders Administrative Procedures Act in the absence of clear Congressional direction, all federal agencies must follow APA  procedural requirements in notice, rulemaking, and adjudication Arbitrary & Capricious Test: APA gives courts power to hold agencies’ actions arbitrary  and capricious if they are not in compliance w/ constitutional due process Public Accountability Sunshine Laws: requires that every portion of every meeting of an agency be open to  public observation Adequate notice of meetings must be given to public Closed meetings are authorized in limited number of instances Intentional Torts Tortfeasor must have intended to commit the act  Assault the reasonable apprehension or fear of immediate contact Battery  completion (contact) of the assault False Imprisonment confinement or restraint of another person’s activities w/o justification Merchants can detain a suspected shoplifter as long as there is probable cause Defamation  publication of a false statement as fact (oral/written) that injures a person’s good  reputation 3 rd  party must hear or see statement a individual who re-publishes statement is liable
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Invasion of the Right to Privacy  person has right to solitude Appropriation use of another’s name or likeness w/o permission, and for the user’s benefit  Fraudulent Misrepresentation Knowing misrepresentation of fact Intent to induce innocent party to rely Justifiable reliance by innocent party Abusive or Frivolous Litigation Malicious Prosecution Abuse of Process Wrongful Interference w/ Contractual Relationship Valid, enforceable contract exists 3 rd  party knows a/b contract 3 rd  party intentionally causes either party to breach the original contract Wrongful Interference w/ Business Relationship Distinguish competition vs. predatory behavior Predatory behavior is unlawfully driving competitors out of market Unintentional Torts (Negligence) Occurs when someone suffers injury b/c of the defendant’s failure to comply w/ a legal  duty Defendant creates foreseeable risk of injury Duty of Care and Its Breach Reasonable Person Standard: how would have a reasonable person have acted under  the circumstances?
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