Was a boer territory but british investments were

This preview shows page 20 - 24 out of 51 pages.

Was a Boer territory, but British investments were huge right away – Rotheschild and other banks invested in mining Britain went to war in 1899 for three years for the Witwatersrand territory (The Boer War) and wonWhere did the labour come from?Indigenous South African peopleMozambique (Portuguese territory) – they went to work for a few months at a time then returned homeEconomic recession at beginning of 20thcenturyoValue of gold was declining so they wanted to pay labourers lower wages to maximize profit of gold took labourers from Qing DynastyoAlso wanted to stop labour movement of other workers (asking for higher wages)  strike in 1907, the strategy backfiredoLabour conditions were so bad they were under fire in British government  stopped import of labourers in 1911South Africa became country in 1910 – beginnings of apartheid this demonstrates interconnectedness of cities and capitalism
Revolutions in Russia and Qajar Dynasty October 6* The Age of Empire: 1875-1914 by Eric Hobsbawm *Russian Empire and Qajar Dynasty RevolutionsThis period contains very significant constitutional revolutions oRussia in 1904/1905oQajar Dynasty – first quarter of 20thcenturyRussian Revolution of 1904-1905:Precursor to revolution of 1917Rapid urbanization and industrialization lead to it Moscow and St. Petersburg saw growth of capitalismoMetalwork, textile industries attracted labour from rural RussiaoVery low working conditions, now even enough wages to live onDisillusioned working classCzar Nicholas II – no democracyoDemands for change in working conditions in political systemJanuary 1905 – Bloody SundayoMany workers were shot protesting working conditionsoLead to revolutions all over RussiaoNational Railway went on strikeoCzar changed things because he was scared of a full on revolutionoHe created the Duma – only rich people could voteHe closed it often – didn’t keep promises of representative governmentHis repressive policies continued Qajar Dynasty 1794-1925Disillusionment among Ulama (educated class) oThe government had given monopoly of sales of tobacco to British company oNew taxes on populationIntellectuals and women demanded more representation and political changeCreated Representative Assembly in 1900oWas disbanded often, they didn’t keep promises
New Empires: Germany, Japan and the US1890-1914Oct 6/20/27 2014Similarities
1) rapid industrialization – new technology, transportation and finances oStill remained fairly rural  economy was rural-based 2) mid-19thcentury had waroGermany had 3 regional wars (Denmark, Austria, France)In 1871 they were a new stateoUS Civil WaroJapanese Civil War 3) They all grew massively after their wars and developed empiresDifferences:Relationship with Britain 1) US: negotiated informal agreement where they worked together2) Japan: willing to collaborate with Britain: 1902 – Anglo-Japanese Treaty for 20 years (Japan was ally in WWI)3) Germany oPursued policy of confrontation, particularly after 1870o

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture