The patient should eat a healthy and nutritious diet

This preview shows page 17 - 18 out of 23 pages.

from 25% to less than 2%, but it cannot be guaranteed that the infant will not be infected. The patient should eat a healthy and nutritious diet and do regular exercise to remain active and delay the progression of disease. 44. A nurse is educating a patient about ways to decrease the risk of antibiotic-resistant infection. Which instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? Select all that apply. 1 Wash your hands frequently. 2 Follow directions as prescribed. 3 Complete the full course of antibiotics. 4 Request antibiotics for faster resolution of flu. 5 Retain leftover antibiotics for future use if needed. 1,2,3 Washing hands frequently is the most important way to prevent any kind of infection, and the caregivers should be encouraged to follow this practice. Antibiotics should not be stopped just because the symptoms have subsided. The antibiotic course should be completed as prescribed. Antibiotics should be taken as directed by the primary health care provider. Not following the instructions or skipping the doses can lead to resistance of the bacteria toward the antibiotic. Antibiotics are not effective against colds and flu; therefore, respect the primary health care provider's decision not to prescribe antibiotics when not needed. Leftover antibiotics should not be kept for later use, because they may not be effective for the particular disease in the future and may lose their effectiveness.
Image of page 17

Subscribe to view the full document.

45. A patient's laboratory report reveals that the patient's CD4+ T-cell count has dropped below 200 cells/ µ L. The patient is diagnosed with Burkitt's lymphoma and has herpes simplex with chronic ulcers. The nurse weighs the patient and finds that there is a loss of 10% of body mass. Which infection is likely to be found in this patient? 1 Parvovirus 2 Varicella-zoster 3 Adenoviruses infection 4 Human immunodeficiency virus infection 4 In human immunodeficiency virus infection, the CD4+ T-cell count drops below 200 cells/ µ L due to the destruction of the white blood cells. As a result, immunity decreases. Due to the decreased immunity, opportunistic infections such as herpes simplex and Burkitt's lymphoma may occur. Due to the ongoing infectious process, the body goes into a state of catabolism, resulting in significant weight loss. Parvovirus produces gastroenteritis. Varicella-zoster virus causes chickenpox and shingles. Adenoviruses cause upper respiratory tract infections and pneumonia. 46. A patient with a history of multiple sexual partners underwent HIV testing through enzyme immunoassay (EIA). The test was negative. How should the nurse explain the test result to the patient? 1 The patient does not have HIV infection. 2 The test might give a false-negative report. 3 The patient is HIV positive, but the viral load is not detectable. 4 The test should be repeated at three weeks, six weeks, and three months. 4 An enzyme immunoassay (EIA) test for HIV is highly sensitive, but a negative result in a person with high risk behavior does not necessarily indicate an absence of HIV infection. The test should be repeated at three weeks, six weeks, and three months. The test is unlikely to give a false-negative result, so the nurse should not disclose this to the patient. The viral load may not be enough to be
Image of page 18
You've reached the end of this preview.
  • Summer '18
  • NONE

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern