1. No one. There is no oversight for over-the-counter medications.2. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Drug Evaluation and Research3. The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration4. MedWatch338.As drugs near the end of their patent, pharmaceutical companies may apply for thedrug to change to over-the-counter status in order to:1. Get a new patent for the over-the-counter form of the drug2. Lower the costs because most prescription benefit plans do not cover generics3. Market the drug to a whole new population, as they are able to market to patients instead of just providers4. Continue to make large profits from their blockbuster brand-name drug339.New over-the-counter drug ingredients must undergo the U.S. Food and DrugAdministration New Drug Application process, just as prescription drugs do.1. True2. False340.The ailment that generates the greatest over-the-counter annual drug sales is:1. Constipation2. Cough and colds3. Heartburn4. Acute and chronic pain341.Common over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen:1. Are always safer for the patient than prescription pain medication2. Are harmful if taken in higher than recommended amounts
3. Have minimal interaction with prescription medications4. Should never be given to children unless recommended by their provider342.When obtaining a drug history from Harold, he gives you a complete list of his prescription medications.He denies taking any other drugs, but you find that he occasionally takes aspirin for his arthritis flare ups. This is an example of:1. His appropriately only telling you about his regularly prescribed medications2. His hiding information regarding his inappropriate use of aspirin from you3. A common misconception that intermittently taken over-the counter medications are not an important part of his drug history4. A common misuse of over-the-counter aspirin343.The Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act, which is part of the 2006 U.S. Patriot Act:1. Requires all providers to screen their patients for methamphetamine use2. Restricts the prescribing of amphetamines to U.S. citizens3. Requires a prescription be written for all methamphetamine precursors in all states4. Restricts the sales of drugs that contain methamphetamine precursors, including a daily and 30-day limit on sales344.When prescribing a tetracycline or quinolone antibiotic it is critical to instruct thepatient:1. Not to take their regularly prescribed medications while on these antibiotics2. Regarding the need for lots of acidic foods and juices, such as orange juice, to enhance absorption3. Not to take antacids while on these medications, as the antacid decreases absorption4. That there are no drug interactions with these antibiotics345.Factors that place a patient at risk of developing an antimicrobial-resistant organism include:1. Age over 50 years2. School attendance3. Travel within the U.S.
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