Stanza forms consistent patterns in the individual

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Stanza forms- consistent patterns in the individual units of the poem Fixed forms- patterns that encompass a complete poem Traditional form- patterns that have been used for long periods of time and thus may be associated with certain subjects, themes, or types of poems Nonce forms- patterns that originate in an individual poem and have not been widely used by other poets Blank verse- consists of individual lines of iambic pentameter that do not rhyme Verse paragraphs- stanzas with varying numbers of lines Irregular ode- a poem that employs lines of varying length and irregular rhyme scheme Couplets- paired rhyming lines aabbcc Short couplets/Octosyllabic couplet- meter of iambic tetrameter Hudibrastic couplet- named about Samuel Butler’s Hudibras; have predominantly feminine rhymes with comical effect Heroic couplet- meter of iambic pentameter and have been used for satirical poems
Tercet- three-line stanza Triplet- rhyme scheme aaa bbb ccc…etc. Terza rima- iambic pentameter tercet rhyming aba bcb cdc…etc. Quatrain- four-line stanza Ballad stanza- alternating lines of tetrameter and trimester in any foot, rhyming abcb abab… Common meter- if feet are strictly iambic of a quatrain Long meter- iambic tetrameter lines rhyming abcb or abab Short meter- contains first, second, and fourth lines of iambic trimeter and a third line if iambic tetrameter In Memoriam stanza- iambic tetrameter rhyming abba Rubaiyat stanza- consists of lines of either tetrameter or pentameter, rhyming aaba bbcb English quatrain- iambic pentameter rhyming abab Italian quatrain- iambic pentameter rhyming abba Sapphic stanza- consists of three eleven syllable lines in the patter: ictus,breve/ictus,breve/ictus, breve,breve/ictus,breve/ictus,breve and an Adonic Hendecasyllabic- eleven syllables Adonic- five syllables long and consists of one dactylic foot and one trochaic foot Pantoum- poem in which the second and fourth lines of the first stanza become the first and third of the second, and the second and fourth of the second become the fourth…etc. Quintet- five line stanza Sestet- six line stanza Septet-seven line stanze Rime royal- seven lines of iambic pentameter rhyming ababbcc Octave- eight line stanza Ottava rima- iambic pentameter of lines rhyming abababcc Monk’s tale stanza- iambic pentameter and rhymes ababbcbc Spenserian stanza-iambic hexameter rhyming ababbcbcc Fixed forms- combinations of meter, rhyme scheme, a d repetition that comprise complete poems Haiku-consists of lines with 5,7,5 syllables respectively Clerihew-humorous form in which the first line is a persons name rhyming aa bb Limerick- five-lined fixed form consists of anapestic trimeter in lines one, two, and five, and anapestic dimeter in line three and four Cinquain- consists of five unrhymed lines of two, four, six, eight, and two syllables respectively

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