DSST Intro to Law Enforcement

J edgar hoover while director of fbi in the 1930s a

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25. J. Edgar Hoover, while Director of FBI in the 1930s a. Set educational and training models for officers b. Development of the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) c. Establishment of the FBI crime lab 26. Police Crisis of 1960s a. Crisis over the constitutional rights of suspects and tension over race b. Public wanted limitations over police practices and called for due process c. Supreme Court delivered a series of landmark rules regarding the constitutional rights of suspects upon arrest and in custody d. Research between 1950-1970 concluded d.i. very poor officer community relations d.ii. officers regularly breached legal rules d.iii. the police subculture of secrecy, public hostility, solidarity, isolated them from the community, especially the black community 27. Knapp Commission create in 1970 by Mayor John V Lindsay a. Created in response to police corruption in New York City as published by the New York Times 28. Civil Rights Act of 1964 – prohibited discrimination based on gender 29. Standard Operating Procedure – SOP – manual which attempted to regulate: a. Use of deadly force b. High speed chases
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c. Domestic violence complaints c.i. Is the police officers “bible” to police management 30. Citizen Oversight Groups – in 1980-1990s – citizens to monitor and investigate complaints by individuals again police 31. Community Policing took off in 1980s-1990s a. Community policing is meant to create a partnership between police and community to develop programs to solve the specific problems of that community 32. Racial Profiling – is the practice of stopping and searching a person not because of suspected criminal actively but because of race a. Continues despite many advances made in the 1960s 33. Components of the US Justice System 34. Investigation – first step to determine the course of events in order to obtain a chain of causation to assist in solving a crime a. Start of the criminal justice process 35. Role of Police – 36. Arrest Warrant – a writ issued by the court to justify the arrest of a suspect a. Offers protection to the officer against damages (Ex: wrongful arrest) b. Issued by the court when the suspect was not caught red-handed c. Is required to supply legal foundation for the act of detention 37. Miranda Rights – meant to protect individuals from self-incrimination – a. part of the 14 th Amendment’s Miranda Rights - due process clause a.i. Named after the infamous 1966 Supreme Court case Miranda vs Arizona – which ruled that a specific and detailed police warning must be given a.ii. Suspects should be advised of their Constitutional rights upon arrest and before interrogations a.ii.1.
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