DSST Intro to Law Enforcement

Very poor officer community relations dii officers

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very poor officer community relations d.ii. officers regularly breached legal rules d.iii. the police subculture of secrecy, public hostility, solidarity, isolated them from the community, especially the black community 27. Knapp Commission create in 1970 by Mayor John V Lindsay a. Created in response to police corruption in New York City as published by the New York Times 28. Civil Rights Act of 1964 – prohibited discrimination based on gender 29. Standard Operating Procedure – SOP – manual which attempted to regulate: a. Use of deadly force b. High speed chases
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c. Domestic violence complaints c.i. Is the police officers “bible” to police management 30. Citizen Oversight Groups – in 1980-1990s – citizens to monitor and investigate complaints by individuals again police 31. Community Policing took off in 1980s-1990s a. Community policing is meant to create a partnership between police and community to develop programs to solve the specific problems of that community 32. Racial Profiling – is the practice of stopping and searching a person not because of suspected criminal actively but because of race a. Continues despite many advances made in the 1960s 33. Components of the US Justice System a. Law enforcement – police, FBI and county sheriff b. Courts c. Corrections 34. Investigation – first step to determine the course of events in order to obtain a chain of causation to assist in solving a crime a. Start of the criminal justice process 35. Role of Police – a. Investigate the crime b. Solve it c. Arrest the offender – the act that limits the freedom of the arrested person 36. Arrest Warrant – a writ issued by the court to justify the arrest of a suspect a. Offers protection to the officer against damages (Ex: wrongful arrest) b. Issued by the court when the suspect was not caught red-handed c. Is required to supply legal foundation for the act of detention 37. Miranda Rights – meant to protect individuals from self-incrimination – a. part of the 14 th Amendment’s Miranda Rights - due process clause a.i. Named after the infamous 1966 Supreme Court case Miranda vs Arizona – which ruled that a specific and detailed police warning must be given a.ii. Suspects should be advised of their Constitutional rights upon arrest and before interrogations a.ii.1. Failure to do so means that a conviction can be overturned later 38. Booking – the official recording process executed by a law enforcement or correctional administrator a. Personal information, reason, time, place of arrest are recorded 39. 4 police functions a. Prevention and investigation of crimes b. Capture offenders c. Ensure domestic peace d. Enforce and support the law 40. Bail – circumstance where the suspects are released from custody but on a condition that money or property is offered against flight a. 8 th Amendment – forbids excessive bail , excessive fines and cruel and unusual punishment b. Bail is used by the court to ensure the accused is present at trial 41. Preliminary Hearing – judge decides probable cause based on the reasonableness test, and conclude based on the facts that the defendant committed the crime
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very poor officer community relations dii officers...

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