data collected also showed that if a State had restrictions, the overall underage and binge drinking was lower. These finding are important merely because it shows that not all underage college students are drinking and with that being said, having more restrictions in college could ultimately lower statistical view of underage drinking. How to Reduce Underage Drinking It is obvious that underage drinking is a problem within the United States, so the important question to ask is what steps can be taking to help reduce it? There have been numerous approaches that have been developed in order to prevent underage drinking. These approaches range from schools getting actively creating curricula in order to prevent alcohol, to activities outside of schools. Communities have even created different approaches to help reduce any commercial or social access to underage drinkers. Like many issues, it is very important to develop effective programs that can contribute to preventing alcohol abuse amongst underage drinkers, but in order for that to take place individuals need to identify the meaning of alcohol abuse and underage drinking. Bonnie O’connell brought to light that the U.S Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) lacked the support in dealing with youth drinking. Their main focus has been on drug abuse programs, supporting those programs 25 times more than funding underage drinking 8
UNDERAGE DRINKING (O’connell, 2003). It wasn’t until Congress forced the HHS committee to develop a cost- effective strategy that would help reduce underage drinking. The results were that they had identified five potential goals that they needed to focus on to evaluate the effectiveness of producing a comprehensive strategy in order to prevent and reduce underage drinking. Many researchers and clinician have developed approaches to assist with preventing underage drinking. In order for this to be effective they identified important characteristics of intervention strategies. Below is a section and table composed by design to summarize knowledge regarding “prevention approaches, including school, extracurricular, family, policy, and community strategies” (Komro & Toomey, (n.d.). Key Components of Strategies to Prevent Underage Drinking Type of Strategy Key Components School Strategies Based on behavioral theory and knowledge of risk and protective factors Developmentally appropriate information about alcohol and other drugs Development of personal, social, and resistance skills Emphasis on normative education Structured, broader-based skills training Interactive teaching techniques Multiple sessions over multiple years Teacher training and support Active family and community involvement 9
UNDERAGE DRINKING Cultural sensitivity Extracurricular Strategies Supervision by positive adult role models Youth leadership Intensive programs Incorporation of skills building Part of a comprehensive prevention plan Family Strategies Improvement of parent-child relations using positive
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- Summer '13
- Alcoholic beverage, Drinking culture, Underage Drinking, National Institute, The Science Of Drinking