In abolishing feudalism the capitalists insisted on parliaments constitutions

In abolishing feudalism the capitalists insisted on

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the features 'which today are referred to as Western Democracy. In abolishing feudalism, the capitalists insisted on parliaments, constitutions, freedom of the press. These too can be consideradas development How- ^ever, the peasants and workers of Europe (and eventually the inhabitants of the whole world) paid a huge price so that the capitalists could make their profits from the human labor that always lies behind the machines. That contradicts other facets of development, especially viewed from the standpoint of those who suffered and still suffer to make capitalist achieve- ments possible. This latter group are the majority of mankind. To advance, they must overthrow capitalism; and that is why at the moment capitalism stands in the path of further human social development. To put it another way, the social class) relations of capitalism are now outmoded, just as slave and feudal relations became outmoded in their time.~* — There was a period when, the capitalist system increased the well-being of significant numbers of people as a by-product erf seeking outprõfits for a few, biit today the quest for profits comes into sharp conflict—with people’s demands that their material and social needs should~be*"fulfined. The capitalist or bourgeois class is no longer capable of guiding die’un- inhibited development of science and technology—again because these objectives now clash with the profit motive. Capitalism has proved in- capable of transcending fundamental weaknesses such as underutilization of productive capacity, the persistence of a permanent sector of unem- ployed, and periodic economic crises related to the concept of “market”— which is concerned with people’s ability to pay rather than their need for commodities. Capitalism has created its own irrationalities such as a vicious white racism, the tremendous waste associated with advertising, and the irrationality of incredible poverty in the midst of wealth and wastage even inside the biggest capitalist economies, such as that of the United States of America. Above all, capitalism has intensified its own political contradic- tions in trying to subjugate nations and continents outside of Europe, so that workers and peasants in every part of the globe have become self- conscious and are determined to take their destiny into their own hands. Such a determination is also an integral part of the process of development It can be offered as a generalization that all phases of development are > HOW EUROPE UNDERDEVELOPED AFRICA 11 . ' <A< \ temporary or transient and are destined sooner or later to give way to something else. It is particularly important to stress this with reference to capitalism because the capitalist epoch is not quite over and those who live at a particular point in time often fail to see that their way of life is in the process of transformation and elimination. Indeed, it is one of the functions of those bourgeois writers who justify capitalism to try and pretend that capitalism is here to stay. A glance at the remarkable advance of socialism
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