defense mechanisms Techniques, beyond one's conscious control, employed to protect against the feelings of stress. repression Motivated forgetting that occurs unconsciously--all memory of an event or experience is blocked from conscious awareness. denial Very basic mechanism of defense against stress--a person simply refuses to acknowledge the realities of a stressful situation. projection Act of seeing in others those very characteristics and/or motives that cause stress for an individual-- allows an individual to see their own undesirable attitudes and behaviors in others. regression Return to earlier, childish levels of previously productive behaviors as an escape from stress. emotional intelligence Ability to recognize and manage emotions represents a type of behavior--recognizing the emotions of others or empathy. cross-sectional method Most of the data gathered on age differences in IQ scores--IQ tests given at roughly the same time to a large number of subjects of different ages. cross-sequential study Subjects who were born at the same time but tested at different times are compared. fluid intelligence Provides the ability to relate to speed, adaptation, flexibility, and abstract reasoning--includes the sorts of skills that show the greatest decline with age.
crystallized intelligence Provides the abilities that depend on acquired knowledge, accumulated experience, and general information to include the sorts of skills that remain quite constant or even increase throughout one's lifetime. mentally gifted Demonstrate outstanding ability or aptitude in a number of possible areas-- typically high performers on most tests. mental retardation Condition indicated by an IQ below 70 that began during the developmental period and is associated with impairment in adaptive functioning. sublimation According to the psychoanalytic theory, this is an adaptive defense mechanism that permits the psychological energy associated with unconscious desires and impulses to be translated into socially accepted activities. down's syndrome Condition of many symptoms including mental retardation, stunted physical growth, & Mongoloid- like features and caused by an extra 47th chromosome. gender identity Basic sense of self-awareness of one's own maleness or femaleness. gender roles Attitudes and expectations about how a person should act, think, and/or feel solely on the basis of being male or female. expert power Occurs when subordinates see the leader as having superior knowledge and technical expertise relevant to the task at hand--perception is important. Solomon Asch Known for his study in which he tested conformity, the extent to which social groups exert pressure on our perceptions, emotions, and behaviors. androgynous person Possesses a combination of traits that are both masculine and feminine.
social behaviors of people Show significant differences between the two genders--areas with the biggest differences are aggression and communication.
- Spring '16
- Psychology, mental processes