ourself as well as peace in our day-to-day life. We have to examine our inner self in
order for us to know what we have to do in our daily life, because finding our inner
self is something that many people struggle with.
Historically, Greeks are the first who strived to seek the truth about the self.
They tried to
cross-examine the ageless question such as
“Who am I?”
As a result, they have produced various
perspectives and views on the self from the ancient period until contemporary times. The self is made
up of body and soul and its relationship is one of their timeless and famous concepts. Come let’s visit
Views on the Self
“An unexamined life is not
The first philosopher who engaged in a systematic
questioning about the self.
Invented the phrase “
” and he believed that it is
the true task of a philosopher.
would mean that a person must stand and live
according to his/her nature. One has to look at him/herself.
The knowledge of oneself can be achieved only through the
, the dialogue between the soul and itself. He
often played the role of a questioner.
He questions because he
believed & knows that he knows nothing, in this way he
discovers the truths.
He claimed that without striving to know and understand
ourselves, life is worthless.
“Good actions give strength
to ourselves and inspire
good actions in others”
The famous student of Socrates.
Took off when his teacher died and vastly elaborated on his
He believed to be a dualist; the self has both immaterial mind
(soul) and material body, and it is the soul that knows the
He claimed that the soul (mind) itself is divided into 3
(physical urges); and
Person differs as to which part of their nature is predominant.
Individual dominated by
seeks are philosophical and
are victory loving and seek reputation;
individuals dominated by
are profit loving and seek
material gain. Although each has a role to play, reason ought
to rule the will and appetites.
“Grant Lord, that I may
know Myself that I may
Called St. Augustine of Hippo; one of the Latin Fathers of the
Church and one of the most significant Christian thinkers.