6 in the activity when you think of nothingness were

This preview shows page 7 - 9 out of 11 pages.

6. In the activity, when you think of nothingness were you able to connect with your soul?
7. How often you connect yourself to your soul? 8. Is it important to examine the inner self?
ourself as well as peace in our day-to-day life. We have to examine our inner self in order for us to know what we have to do in our daily life, because finding our inner self is something that many people struggle with. Abstraction Historically, Greeks are the first who strived to seek the truth about the self. They tried to cross-examine the ageless question such as “Who am I?” As a result, they have produced various perspectives and views on the self from the ancient period until contemporary times. The self is made up of body and soul and its relationship is one of their timeless and famous concepts. Come let’s visit them. Philosophers Views on the Self Classical Antiquity SOCRATES “An unexamined life is not worth living” -Socrates o The first philosopher who engaged in a systematic questioning about the self. o Invented the phrase “ Know Thyself ” and he believed that it is the true task of a philosopher. o Know Thyself would mean that a person must stand and live according to his/her nature. One has to look at him/herself. o The knowledge of oneself can be achieved only through the Socratic Method , the dialogue between the soul and itself. He often played the role of a questioner. He questions because he believed & knows that he knows nothing, in this way he discovers the truths. o He claimed that without striving to know and understand ourselves, life is worthless. PLATO “Good actions give strength to ourselves and inspire good actions in others” -Plato o The famous student of Socrates. o Took off when his teacher died and vastly elaborated on his philosophy. o He believed to be a dualist; the self has both immaterial mind (soul) and material body, and it is the soul that knows the forms (ideas). o He claimed that the soul (mind) itself is divided into 3 parts: reason ; appetite (physical urges); and will (emotion, passion, spirit.) o Person differs as to which part of their nature is predominant. o Individual dominated by reason seeks are philosophical and seek knowledge; individuals dominated by spirit/will/emotion are victory loving and seek reputation; individuals dominated by appetites are profit loving and seek material gain. Although each has a role to play, reason ought to rule the will and appetites. Middle Ages ST. AUGUSTINE “Grant Lord, that I may know Myself that I may know Thee” -St. Augustine o Called St. Augustine of Hippo; one of the Latin Fathers of the Church and one of the most significant Christian thinkers.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture