Development of New technologies to minimize the results of the impacts from the

Development of new technologies to minimize the

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Development of New technologies to minimize the results of the impacts from the leather production process. One alternative that has been growing in the sector is tanning withoutthe use of chrome. This chrome-free process can become an excellent business opportunity and it will be the future way to tan leathers. Water recycling and reuse and economical use of it Process modification to reduce waste and pollutants in beam house activities Reuse of chemicals [5 Marks] QUESTION THREE (15 MARKS) a) Potential locations A, B and C have the cost structures shown below. The Company has a demand of 130,000 units of a new product. Three potential locations A, B and C having following cost structures shown are available. Select which location is to be 7
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selected and also identify the volume ranges where each location is suited? [6 Marks] Locati on A Location B Locatio n C Fixed cost (SHs) 150,0 00 350000 95000 0 Variable cost (SHs) 10 8 6 b) Below is the data for three different location. Using the data, select the most advantageous location for setting a plant for making women handbags . [9 Marks] Site x KSh Site Y KSh Site z KSh i. Total initial investment ii. Total expected sales iii. Distribution expenses iv. Raw material expenses v. Power and water vi. Wages and salaries vii. Other expenses viii. Community attitude ix. Employee housing facilities 4,000,0 00 3,500,0 0 400,00 0 700,00 0 100,00 0 200,00 0 250,00 0 indiffer ent Poor 4,000,000 3,000,000 400,000 800,000 70,000 250,000 400,000 Want business Excellent 4,000,000 2,900,000 650,000 900,000 60,000 200,000 300,000 indifferent Good 8
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QUESTION FOUR (15 MARKS) a) What is systematic layout planning ? Is a tool used to arrange a workplace in a plant by locating areas with high frequency and logical relationships close to each other. The process permits the quickest material flow in processing the product at the lowest cost and least amount of handling.[1 Marks] b) Discuss any five plant layout techniques Operation Process Chart With the help of operation process chart one can separate and arrange the process of materials moving to which machine and work done under which method all types of operation are arranged by operation process chart. The operation process chart is mainly used when a new plant is to be laid out. This process chart shows basic activities for producing a product. These carts show the overall visualization with help of elimination, combination, rearrangement or simplification of process and basis for studying possibilities for the improvement operation. Flow Process Chart All the production activities occurring on the floor of the plant are representing graphically in flow process chart. The flow process chart real work is to tracing the actual flow of work occurring and the time required for the operation. It works on transportation, storage and delay. The complete information for the analysis and improvement of plant operation is provided by flow process chart.The result of analysis operation may be eliminated, combined or rearranged. The work station, storage area can be rearranged to reduce traveling distance and labour time. The flow process chart also checks and verify the efficiency of proposed floor plan for a new layout.
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  • Spring '14
  • Onyancha PhD

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