Ordinary jurisdiction in the first instance is exercised by individual judges

Ordinary jurisdiction in the first instance is

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mediation procedure fails can the Liechtenstein Court of Justice be invoked as the first instance. Ordinary jurisdiction in the first instance is exercised by individual judges. The second instance is exercised by the Court of Appeal, and the third instance by the Supreme Court. Both courts are collegial bodies. Municipalities 27. Municipal autonomy plays an important role in Liechtenstein. The autonomous scope of authority of the 11 municipalities is laid down in article 110 of the Constitution. The eligible 4 The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
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CRC/C/OPAC/LIE/1 page 8 voters of each municipality elect a Municipal Council headed by a Mayor who, depending on the size of the municipality, exercises his office on a full-time or part-time basis. The municipal authorities conduct their affairs autonomously and manage the municipal assets. Citizens may call a referendum against their decisions. C. Economic and political integration 28. Liechtenstein engages in an active foreign policy characterized by the twin goals of strengthening State sovereignty and achieving better political and economic integration at the international and European levels. Through the industrialization and economic development that began in the 1960s and has continued until day, this integration has been realized step by step. 29. Already in 1960, Liechtenstein was integrated into the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) through its Customs Treaty with Switzerland. In 1991, it joined EFTA as an autonomous member. Liechtenstein joined the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in 1975 and the Council of Europe in 1978. It became a member of the United Nations in 1990 and a member of the European Economic Area (EEA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995. 30. Today, Liechtenstein maintains diplomatic missions to the United Nations in New York, the European Union in Brussels, EFTA, the United Nations, and WTO in Geneva, a Permanent Mission to the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, and a Permanent Mission to the OSCE, the IAEO, the United Nations and the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban-Treaty Organization in Vienna. Bilateral embassies have been established in Berne, Berlin, Brussels, Washington, Vienna, and to the Holy See. Since 2007, Liechtenstein has been maintaining honorary consulates, for the time being only in the United States. The first two honorary consulates have been established in Macon (State of Georgia) and in Los Angeles.
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  • Summer '16
  • Ramon Wawire
  • European Union, Council of Europe, European Convention on Human Rights

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