REFERENCES: The Origins of ParoleLEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 – 364. Compare Crofton’s ticket-of-leave and Maconochie’s marks system. How do they compare to the contemporary U.S. system?65. What was the medical model, and why did it lose favor?
REFERENCES: The Medical ModelLEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.4 – 566. What is the justice model of corrections? What factors were associated with its emergence in the 1970s?