written inside and around the coffin 3 Going out into the Day texts c 1550 BCE

Written inside and around the coffin 3 going out into

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written inside and around the coffin 3. “Going out into the Day” texts ( c. 1550 BCE) - emphasis on judgment and eternal life in the Kingdom of Osiris - homogenous in the locations people would go to the afterlife - focus on Osiris’s final kingdom and the ritual of final judgement - Pyramid texts - Found in the pyramids built for rulers and other noble people Coffin texts - Found on the insides and lids of coffins or ordinary people - Characterized as spells Collected spells called books of Going out into the Day - Available to anyone to be put into the coffin with the deceased. - Came to be known in the west as the “Egyptian Book of the Dead” - These texts emphasize judgment in the hall of Osiris and eternal life in the Kingdom of Osiris
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- The afterlife mirrors human life 3 possible afterlife destinations - Among the stars – found in the earliest texts - With the sun god Ra – a later development - In the kingdom of Osiris – by 1500 BCE this becomes the predominant afterlife goal In judgement hall - Heart contains all the good and the bad so it is weighed against the feather from Maat who represents both natural and human law of ethics- symbolically the deceased individual heart is weighed against the feather of law - If it’s a bad heart Anubis feeds it to a crocodile and then youre done forever They must confess that they did not do these things- connected to the gods (all 42) - 0 Far-strider who came forth from Heliopolis, I have done no falsehood. - 0 Fire-embracer who came forth from Kheraha, I have not robbed. - 0 Nosey who came forth from Hermopolis, I have not been rapacious. (…) - 0 Dangerous One who came forth from Rosetjau, I have not killed men. - 0 Double Lion who came forth from the sky, I have not destroyed food-supplies. - 0 Fiery Eyes who came forth from Letopolis, I have done no crookedness. - 0 Flame which came forth backwards, I have not stolen the god's-offerings. (…) - 0 You of the cavern who came forth from the West, I have not been sullen. (…) - 0 Owner of faces who came forth from Nedjefet, I have not been impatient. - 0 Accuser who came forth from Wetjenet, I have not transgressed my nature, I have not washed out (the picture of) a god. - 0 Owner of horns who came forth from Asyut, I have not been voluble in speech. - 0 Nefertum who came forth from Memphis, I have done no wrong, I have seen no evil. (Faulkner, The Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead , pp. 31-32) Canopic jars – held the organs and were buried with the mummy VIDEO- MUMMIFICATION Early death meant Egyptians wanted to have a good and full afterlife- preserve the corpse- aid the deceased on their journey to the afterlife - Believe their life force Ka left the body at death and the Ba which are the characteristics of the person left but returned to the body to be reanimated - In order to have the soul return to the body the body had to be in tact - Essence of corpse preservation is dehydration- the blood and other fluids as well as orgna shave to be removed - But the organs in jars so they could be reunited with the body after - The brain was also removed with a special whisk interted up the nose to turn it into a puree to be drained from the nose
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