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The strategy of intensifying production was pioneered by the Rockefeller Foundation and by Nobel Prize-winning plant scientist Norman BorlaugIf the Green Revolution succeeded in greatly increasing grain production in countries like India and Mexico, then why do Bodley and others criticize it? P202-203 High production may reduce prices below the profit margin, but the prices may still be higher than the poor can pay.What did “stubborn peasants” who refused to participate in the Green Revolution perceive in it? P202 Stubborn peasants refused to believe that the new crops would really be an advantage for them because of their obvious vulnerabilityand the increased dependence on outsidersthat these crops imply. There have also been serious problems in financing the new technologyat both national and local levels. Small farmers and poor nations cannot afford the investment in expensive seeds and chemicals. What is a food chain cluster? P205 The commercial food system is dominated by food chain clusters in which a group of very powerful vertically and horizontally integrated corporations form a network of partnerships and joint ownerships that covers virtually all aspects of our food supply. Food chain clusters allow corporate elites to control costs in ways that can be profoundly anticompetitive because many of their material inputs never enter the marketplace. How does the Cargill Company exemplify Bodley’s discussion of commercial food systems? P206 Control by the same few people over key elements of the world's food production, processing, and distribution also carries many risks for the rest of the world. Cargill is not a primary producer of crops, but it is so large that it can shape details of the production process by offering technical assistance, seeds, and support services in exchange for purchasing contracts to growers all over the world. What did Cargill’s recall of turkey products reveal about Cargill as a food chain cluster? P206-207 Cargill's recall in August 2011 of thirty-six million pounds of its ground turkey for possible Salmonella contamination is a case study that illustrates the scale and complexity of, and one type of risk from, giant food chain clusters.These are problems of scale.