You follow the script and the norms so others expectations create a self

You follow the script and the norms so others

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You follow the script and the norms; so others’ expectations create a self-fulfilling prophecy to do gender ii. There is no other set of norms to follow 4. Gender is built into social life via socialization, interaction, and institutional organization a. Lorber: gender difference is a means to justify sexual stratification and is created by society b. AUTHOR: gender is its own entity and has consequences at every level i. It is the basis of stratification ii. Individual level: the development of gendered selves iii. Interactional level: men and women face different expectations even in the same structural position iv. Institutional level: men and women will rarely be given identical positions due to regulations about resource distribution, organizational schemas and ideological discourse; patriarchal v. Interactional pressures and institutional design creates gender even in the absence of individual desires 1. So choices are more social constructions; and there is a limited availability of non-gendered cognitive images
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16 2. Practical Consciousness: much of social life is so routine that actors will not articulate or even consider why they act; structure makes it possible and constrains it a. we internalize our experiences without thinking about it; gender is its own structure vi. Cultural rules and cognitive images at the interactional level are why gender stratification still exists in families c. Social structure constrains both men (pressure to earn higher wages) and women (criticized for the cleanliness of their house) What Gender is Science? By Maria Charles Gender equality is present in STEM fields o More women are present in these fields especially in countries not considered modern § Those countries care more about advancing economically than the presumptions of women’s interests and gender-specific jobs Sex segregation: the uneven distributions of men and women across occupations & industries caused by o Discrimination and cognitive bias (people’s beliefs about men’s and women’s different natures) o Girls favor more human-centered fields rather than math fields § Economic, social and cultural environments influence preferences, choices and outcomes o A lot of people think that the men’s and women’s differences are innate causing them to choose masculine or feminine lives o Believing Stereotypes: achieves difference b/w genders o Enacting Stereotypes: we learn in early childhood what men and women do from gender socialization and that behavior is reinforced by the cultural standards o Celebrating Stereotypes: girls encouraged to follow their dreams are unlikely to follow the male-labeled sciences In the 1800s, women actually dominated the sciences while the men dominated the humanities, but towards the 1950s the science seemed more intellectually demanding which attracted men to start pursuing that field o Also the idea that women shouldn’t work became more popular o Some skills became attributed as being more feminine (sewing) or more masculine (electricians) causing women and men to follow their respective fields Author: Sex segregation is a big issue because
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