The idea that once you get rid of religious beliefs (superstitions) that life will be a better one (a lot of problems caused by religious beliefsNietzsche excited about the possibilities of a post-atheistic existence but doesn’t think there’s any guarantee that’s its going to be necessarily a reasonable or a happy one.“open sea” a range of possibilities, a new range of intellectual possibilities, a new range of different styles of life, opened in a way where its never been opened beforeCatholic was rejected, and new branch of Christianity opened up all at once (different range of possibilities)“I welcome all the signs of a more virile, warlike age approaching… For it shall pave the way for... the age that will carry heroism into the search for knowledge and wage wars for the sake of thoughts and their consequences… the secret for harvesting from existence the greatest fruitfulness and the greatest enjoyment is – to live dangerously!” (p.10, #283)Wars for territory, commercial or economic wars for material gainSearch for knowledge and wage wars for the sake of thoughts and their consequencesLiving dangerously (not advocating doing a lot of extreme sports), but “living dangerously” is trying out new ways of living, thinking, questioning things. In some sense, there is some physical danger that comes from just living in a way in one society doesn’t live. The society will tend to react negatively to that life choice. There’s some sort of danger when someone tries a new way of thinking and new way of living“Another ideal runs before us…: the ideal of a spirit… which has gone so far that the highest thing which the common people quite understandably accepts as its measure of value would signify for it danger, decay, debasement…: the ideal of a human, superhuman well-being and benevolence that willoften enough appear inhuman. (97, #382)The things that common people value: good job, nice house, good pension planHe’s looking for somebody for whom those things don’t mean anything Inhuman to the average person – to maximize one’s own economic advantageSuch people would stir up the old orders and cause a tremendous amount of trouble for everyone else, but Nietzsche still thinks that such 'evil' people do the most to advance humanity by getting us out of our ruts and forcing us to live in new and creative ways. As he puts it:“The strongest and most evils spirits have so far done the most to advance humanity: time and again they rekindled the dozing passions… reawakened the sense of … delight in what is new, daring, unattempted; they forced men to pit opinion against opinion, ideal model against ideal model. Mostly by force of arms… but also by means of new religions and moralities.” (p.3, #4)The people who do cause suffering are willing to do so help our civilization progress. The status quo is try to keep things as they are.