He was unable to have relationships with anyone

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Understanding Management
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Chapter 2 / Exercise Step 1
Understanding Management
Daft/Marcic
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he was unable to have relationships with anyone except his doctor and the house keeper whom he lived with Anna: 5 year old chained to a chair in a storage room with destroyed clothes Isabelle Genie Helen Keller: became deaf, blind and mute as a result of early childhood illness. She was trapped in her own world until she realized that the hand symbols created by her teacher in fact stood for elements in her environment (symbols- that something can stand for something else) Sociological Theories of Human Development- Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Charles Horton Cooley o The “self” is socially created in 3 stages: 1. We imagine how we appear to those around us 2. We interpret others’ reactions 3. We develop a self-concept o The development of the self and primary groups o “The Looking-Glass Self”- the process by which a sense of self develops. The looking glass entails three ingredients, first, how we appear to others around us, next, we interpret their reactions and finally, we develop feelings and ideas about ourselves base on others reactions George Herbert Mead: role taking (putting themselves in someone else’s shoes to understand how someone feels and thinks and anticipating how that person will act) significant other (mother, father, sister, brother are typically the only roles that can be acted out by young children) and generalized other (the perception of how people in general think of us) Marlene Mackie: uses Mead’s game analogy of three stages of “learning to take the role of the other” in order to explain how we learn our gender roles (the behaviour that is socially defined as appropriate to boys or girls) 1. Imitation/Preparatory stage: children under three can only mimic others 2. Play Stage: (age 3-5/6) children tend to take the roles of specific people i.e. girls will take the role of a mother or a teacher, whereas, boy would take the role as a hockey player or fire fighter. 3. Game Stage: organized play or team games begin roughly at age 7 and lasts until puberty Psychological Theories of Human Development Sigmun Freud and the Development of personality The ID- every child is born with an ID, the ID of the new born is evident in cries of hunger or pain. The ID’s drive for immediate and complete satisfaction runs directly against the needs of other people The ego- to adapt to constraints that block his or her desires. The ego is the balancing force between the ID and the demands of society that supress it The super-ego- the conscience. The superego represents culture within us, the norms and values we internalize from our social groups. The superego gives us feelings of guilt or shame when we break social rules or pride when we follow them Socialization and Gender Expectations of behaviour and attitudes on the basis of sex Gender messages in the family Gender messages in the mass media (advertising/television/video games) Socialization and our Bodies
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Understanding Management
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Chapter 2 / Exercise Step 1
Understanding Management
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