48 essay questions 31 compare and contrast horizontal

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Essay Questions 31. Compare and contrast horizontal skills, vertical skills, and depth of skills. One area of contrast is hierarchical level of the employee.  Horizontal skills focus on those  skills that are at or near the same level of difficulty and tend to be developed at the  production or service delivery level.  Vertical skills are thought of as supervisory in nature.   Depth of skills emphasizes the extent to which employees possess these horizontal and  vertical skills. 32. Compare and contrast the various multi skill-based pay systems—the stair-step model,  the skill   blocks model, the job-point accrual model, and the cross-departmental model. The stair-step model encompasses relatively few significantly different jobs from the same  job family.  These jobs vary according to skill or complexity.  They are arranged in a step  fashion that reflects a logical learning progression. The skill blocks model applies to jobs from within the same job family.  Although job  advancement is arranged in a progressive fashion, its organization is not linear.  Employees  do not have to learn skills for lower blocks to successfully acquire skills in higher blocks. The job-point accrual model differs from the previous two in that it promotes learning and  skill development for a wide variety of jobs from different job families.  Points are assigned  to jobs that mirror the relative importance to a key organizational priority.
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