efficient_combating_the_informal_economy.doc

14 stimulatory measures include facilitating the work

Info icon This preview shows pages 14–20. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
14
Image of page 14

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Stimulatory measures include: facilitating the work environment, instigating entrepreneurs and employers to a legitimate work (by reducing the encumbrances to the economy on the grounds of taxes and benefits, providing financial incentives for registering the employees with the employment authorities, facilitating credit loans, etc.), creating a stimulatory environment for regular tax and benefit payment (by publishing “white” and “black” lists of entrepreneurs and employers, gradual reduction of taxes and benefits, etc.), adopting simple and transparent tax legislation as well as simplification of regulations regarding bookkeeping, accounting and business records, and other measures. Apart from preventive and stimulatory measures, the implementation of certain disciplinary measures is also required. These include: tightening of legal sanctions for tax and benefit evasion and for neglecting the provisions of the Labour Law and other regulations on legal employment of employees, intensifying the activity of work inspection agencies, and other measures. 3. Survey results The survey was conducted in 30 municipalities on the territory of the Republic of Serbia, as follows: Ada, Aranđelovac, Bačka Topola, Bečej, Belgrade, Bor, Brus, Gornji Milanovac, Knjaževac, Kraljevo, Kruševac, Leskovac, Majdanpek, Niš, Novi Sad, Pančevo, Pirot, Požarevac, Ruma, Smederevska Palanka, Sombor, Stara Pazova, Subotica, Trstenik, Užice, Valjevo, Vranje, Vrbas, Zaječar and Šabac. The questionnaire was filled out by 838 survey participants. 1.) Gender structure: - males: 56.32% - females: 41.41% - did not respond: 2.27%. 15
Image of page 15
2.) Age structure: (Average age of participants is 45) - under 25: 5.13% - from 25 to 45: 44.99% - from 46 tо 55: 35.32% - over 56: 13.37% - did not respond: 1.19% 16
Image of page 16

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
3.) Structure according to length of service: (Average length of service is 20 years and 3 months) - with no length of service: 2.8% - under 5 years: 10.5% - from 5 to 10: 7.5% - from 10 to 15: 13.8% - from 15 to 20: 12.6% - from 20 to 25: 13.2% - from 25 to 30: 17.5% - over 30: 19.6% - did not respond: 2.15% 17
Image of page 17
4.) Structure according to employment status: - employed: 70.2% - unemployed: 24.8% - other (retired, students…): 3.2% - did not respond: 1.8% 18
Image of page 18

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
5.) Structure of clandestine workers: From the overall number of survey participants, 20.3% is engaged in the informal economy, notwithstanding whether as permanently employed or unemployed. The obtained ratio, slightly lower than in the research conducted by other institutions (app. 30%), can be explained by the fact that the survey was conducted by trade union activists and that it mainly included commercial entities with active trade unions. - From the employees working in the formal regulatory environment, 11.1% are also additionally engaged in the informal sector, providing an extra income for their home budget. -From the overall number of unemployed survey participants, 55.2% seek source of income in the informal economy.
Image of page 19
Image of page 20
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern